again
\ \ [OE] The underlying etymological sense of again is ‘in a direct line with, facing’, hence ‘opposite’ and ‘in the opposite direction, back’ (its original meaning in Old English). It comes from a probable Germanic *gaginstraight’, which was the source of many compounds formed with on or in in various Germanic languages, such as Old Saxon angegin and Old Norse íg gegn. The Old English form was ongēan, which would have produced ayen in modern English; however, Norse-influenced forms with a hard g had spread over the whole country from northern areas by the 16th century.
\ \ The meaning ‘once more, anew’ did not develop until the late 14th century. From Old English times until the late 16th century a prefix-less form gain was used in forming compounds. It carried a range of meanings, from ‘against’ to ‘in return’, but today survives only in gainsay.
\ \ The notion of ‘opposition’ is carried through in against, which was formed in the 12th century from again and what was originally the genitive suffix -es, as in always and nowadays. The parasitic -t first appeared in the 14th century.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Again — A*gain (?; 277), adv. [OE. agein, agayn, AS. ongegn, onge[ a]n, against, again; on + ge[ a]n, akin to Ger. gegewn against, Icel. gegn. Cf. {Gainsay}.] 1. In return, back; as, bring us word again. [1913 Webster] 2. Another time; once more; anew.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Again — is the title of the following songs or albums: * Again (1949 song), recorded by many singers including Doris Day, Vic Damone and Vera Lynn * Again (1993 album), by Alan Stivell * Again (Alice in Chains song), by Alice in Chains * Again (2002… …   Wikipedia

  • again — [ə gen′; ] also, esp. Cdn & Brit [, əgān′] adv. [ME agen, ayein < OE ongegn, ongean < on , up to, toward + gegn, direct: orig. separable prefix meaning “directly up to,” hence, “facing, opposite”] 1. Rare back in response; in return [answer …   English World dictionary

  • Again — Single par Yui Sakakibara Face A Again Face B Beautiful day Sortie 25 octobre 2006 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • +Again — Manhwa Auteur Ko Jin Ho Éditeur Samyang Publishing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • again — (adv.) late O.E. agan, from earlier ongean toward, opposite, against, in exchange for, from on on (see ON (Cf. on)) + gegn against, toward, compounded for a sense of lined up facing, opposite, and in the opposite direction, returning. For gegn,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • again — [adv1] another time; repeated afresh, anew, anon, bis, come again, encore, freshly, newly, once more, one more time, over, over and over, recurrently, reiteratively, repeatedly; concepts 553,799 again [adv2] in addition additionally, also,… …   New thesaurus

  • Again — A*gain , Agains A*gains , prep. Against; also, towards (in order to meet). [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Albeit that it is again his kind. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • again — index anew, de novo Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • again — ► ADVERB 1) once more. 2) returning to a previous position or condition. 3) in addition to what has already been mentioned. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • again — a|gain W1S1 [əˈgen, əˈgeın US əˈgen] adv [: Old English; Origin: ongean opposite, back ] 1.) one more time used when something has happened or been done before ▪ Can you say that again? I didn t hear. ▪ I ll never go there again. ▪ Mr Khan s busy …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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