alderman


alderman
\ \ [OE] Alderman preserves the notion that those who are old (the ‘elders’) are automatically in charge. In Anglo-Saxon England the ealdor was the chief of a family or clan, by virtue of seniority (the word is based on the adjective ealdold’). Alderman (Old English ealdorman) was a political title or rank adopted probably in the early 8th century for someone who exercised in society at large an authority equivalent to that of the ealdor. In effect, this meant that an alderman acted as a sort of viceroy to the king in a particular district. In the 12th century the title became applied to the governor of a guild, and as the guilds gradually took over some functions of local government, an alderman became a senior councillor. The title was officially abolished in Britain in 1974.
\ \ Cf.OLD

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • alderman — ● alderman, aldermen ou aldermans nom masculin (mot anglais) Magistrat d un conseil municipal en Grande Bretagne, en Irlande et aux États Unis, ou d un conseil de comté dans le Royaume Uni. (Le terme vient d un vieux mot anglo saxon qui désignait …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alderman — ist der historische Titel eines Beigeordneten auf den britischen Inseln der historische Leiter eines Shire im frühen England, siehe Ealdorman Alderman ist der von Ältermann abgeleitete Familienname folgender Personen: Fred Alderman (1905–1998),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • alderman — al·der·man / ȯl dər mən/ n: a member of a city legislative body Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. alderman …   Law dictionary

  • Alderman — Al der*man ([add]l d[ e]r*man), n.; pl. {Aldermen}. [AS. aldormon, ealdorman; ealdor an elder + man. See {Elder}, n.] 1. A senior or superior; a person of rank or dignity. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Note: The title was applied, among the Anglo Saxons …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alderman — (spr. Ahldermänn, vom angelsächsischen Ealdormen), 1) in England unter den Angelsachsen der Vorsitzende der Grafschaftsgerichte neben dem Bischof so wie in Kriegs u. Friedenszeiten der oberste Beamte der Grafschaft; er ward vom König gewählt,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alderman — (spr. aoldermän; angelsächs. Aldorman, »Ältester«), im Angelsächsischen Vorsteher einer Genossenschaft, besonders aber Titel der Oberbeamten der Kreise oder Grafschaften (shires) und der Ältesten (senatores) des Reiches, die, anfangs von den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alderman — (engl., spr. áhldrmänn, d.i. Ältester), bei den Angelsachsen Oberbeamter einer Grafschaft, nach der dän. Eroberung Earl (Jarl) genannt; jetzt in England und Nordamerika Mitglied des Stadtrats …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • alderman — ALDERMAN. s. masc. Nom qu on donne en Angleterre à certains Officiers municipaux …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • alderman — (n.) O.E. aldormonn (Mercian), ealdormann (W.Saxon) ruler, prince, chief; chief officer of a shire, from aldor, ealder patriarch (comparative of ald old; see OLD (Cf. old)) + monn, mann man (see MAN (Cf. man) (n.)). A relic of the days when the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • alderman — ► NOUN 1) chiefly historical a co opted member of an English county or borough council, next in status to the Mayor. 2) (also alderwoman) N. Amer. & Austral. an elected member of a city council. DERIVATIVES aldermanship noun. ORIGIN Old English,… …   English terms dictionary

  • alderman — [ôl′dər mən] n. pl. aldermen [ôl′dərmən] [ME < OE ealdorman, chief, prince < eald, OLD + man, MAN] 1. in some U.S. cities, a member of the municipal council, usually representing a certain district or ward 2. in England and Wales before… …   English World dictionary


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