case

\ \ [13] There are two distinct words case in English, both acquired via Old French from Latin and both members of very large families. Casecircumstance’ was borrowed from Old French cas, which in turn came from Latin cāsusfall, chance’. This was formed from the base of the verb caderefall’. The progression of senses is from the concrete ‘that which falls’ to the metaphorical ‘that which befalls, that which happens (by chance)’ (and English chance is also derived ultimately from Latin cadere).
\ \ Other related words in English include accident, cadence, cadaver, cheat, chute, coincide, decadent, decay, deciduous, and occasion. Casecontainer’ comes via Old French casse from Latin capsabox’, a derivative of the verb caperehold’ (which is related to English heave). At various points during its history it has produced offshoots which in English have become capsule [17], a diminutive form, cash, chassis, and perhaps capsicum [18] and chaseengrave’.
\ \ Cf.ACCIDENT, CADAVER, CHEAT, CHUTE, DECAY, DECIDUOUS, OCCASION, OCCIDENT; CAPSICUM, CAPSULE, CASH, CHASSIS

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • case — [ kaz ] n. f. • 1265; lat. casa « chaumière » I ♦ 1 ♦ Vx Cabane. 2 ♦ (1637) Habitation traditionnelle, généralement construite en matériaux légers, dans certaines civilisations des pays tropicaux. Cases africaines, antillaises. ⇒ hutte, paillote; …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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