cavalier

\ \ [16] Etymologically, a cavalier is a ‘horseman’. The word comes via French cavalier from Italian cavaliere, which was derived from Latin caballushorse’, either directly or via late Latin caballāriushorseman, rider’. From the beginning in English its connotations were not those of any old horserider, but of a mounted soldier or even a knight, and before the end of the 16th century the more general meaning ‘courtly gentleman’ was establishing itself. This led in the mid-17th century to its being applied on the one hand to the supporters of Charles I, and on the other as an adjective meaning ‘disdainful’. Italian cavaliere was also the source of cavalleriabody of horsesoldiers’, which was borrowed into English in the 16th century, via French cavallerie, as cavalry. (The parallel form routed directly through French rather than via Italian was chivalry.)
\ \ Cf.CAVALRY, CHIVALRY

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • cavalier — cavalier, ière [ kavalje, jɛr ] n. et adj. • v. 1470, d ab. « chevalier »; it. cavaliere, de cavallo « cheval » → chevalier I ♦ 1 ♦ (1611) Personne qui est à cheval ou sait monter à cheval. Un bon cavalier. Cavalier participant à un concours… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cavalier — cavalier, ière 1. (ka va lié , liê r ; l r ne se lie jamais ; au pluriel l s se lie : les ca va lié z et les dames) s. m. et f. 1°   Homme, femme à cheval. Être bon, être mauvais cavalier, se tenir bien, se tenir mal à cheval. C est un beau… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Cavalier — was the name used by Parliamentarians for a Royalist supporter of King Charles I during the English Civil War (1642 ndash;1651). Prince Rupert, commander of much of Charles I s cavalry, is often considered an archetypical Cavalier. [, Manganiello …   Wikipedia

  • Cavalier — ist der Name von Personen: Jean Cavalier (* um 1679; † 1740), einer der Hauptanführer der Kamisarden im Cevennenkrieg und später englischer Gouverneur von Jersey Thomas Cavalier Smith (* 1942), britischer Biologe Orten: Cavalier (North Dakota)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cavalier — CAVALIÉR, cavaliere, s.n. 1. Terasă înaltă, construită într o fortificaţie, pentru amplasarea tunurilor. 2. Cordon de pământ sau de alte materiale de a lungul unui drum, format prin curăţarea şanţurilor. [pr.: li er] – Din fr. cavalier. Trimis de …   Dicționar Român

  • CAVALIER (A.) — CAVALIER ALAIN FRAISSÉ dit ALAIN (1931 ) Né le 14 septembre 1931 à Vendôme (Loir et Cher), diplômé de l’I.D.H.E.C., assistant réalisateur, le cinéaste Alain Cavalier réalise d’abord un court métrage, Un Américain (1958). Malgré une coïncidence de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cavalier — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Cavalier puede referirse a: el Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, un perro pequeño de temperamento activo y alegre; el Cavalier Real, apodo con el que se denominaba a los Realistas, que apoyaban al rey Carlos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cavalier — Cav a*lier , a. offhand; unceremonious; gay; easy; frank. Opposed to {serious}. [1913 Webster +PJC] The plodding, persevering scupulous accuracy of the one, and the easy, cavalier, verbal fluency of the other, form a complete contrast. Hazlitt.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cavalier — Cavalier, ND U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 1537 Housing Units (2000): 750 Land area (2000): 0.793037 sq. miles (2.053957 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.793037 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cavalier, ND — U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 1537 Housing Units (2000): 750 Land area (2000): 0.793037 sq. miles (2.053957 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.793037 sq. miles (2.053957 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cavalier — Cav a*lier (k[a^]v [.a]*l[=e]r ), n. [F. cavalier, It. cavaliere, LL. caballarius, fr. L. caballus. See {Cavalcade}, and cf. {Chevalier}, {Caballine}.] 1. A military man serving on horseback; a knight. [1913 Webster] 2. A gay, sprightly, military …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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