\ \ There are four distinct words chap in English. The oldest, ‘sore on the skin’ [14], originally meant more generally ‘crack, split’, and may be related to Middle Low German kappenchop off’; it seems ultimately to be the same word as chopcut’. Chapjaw’ [16] (as in Bath chaps) is probably a variant of chop (as in ‘lick one’s chops’). Chapfellow’ [16] originally meant ‘customer’; it is an abbreviation of chapmantrader’ [OE] (source of the common surname, but now obsolete as an ordinary noun), whose first element is related to English cheap. Chapsleggings’ [19] is short for Mexican Spanish chaparreras, a derivative of Spanish chaparroevergreen oak’; they were named from their use in protecting the legs of riders from the low thick scrub that grows in Mexico and Texas (named with another derivative of chaparro, chaparral). Chaparro itself probably comes from Basque txapar, a diminutive of sapharthicket’.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.


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  • CHAP — as a word may refer to: * Chap , a caste in the Bhakkar district of the Punjab, (Pakistan). * Chap Sandi , a village in the tehsil of Kaloorkot in Bhakkar. * Chap , a fellow. * Chap , a chop or jaw; a cheek * Bath chap , the cheek and jawbones of …   Wikipedia

  • Chap — may refer to: The Chap, a British magazine Chap, a caste in the Bhakkar district of the Punjab, Pakistan Chap Sandi, a village in the tehsil of Kaloorkot in Bhakkar Chap, a term for chewing tobacco Chap, a word for no used in New Zealand CHAP may …   Wikipedia

  • CHAP — (англ. Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) широко распространённый алгоритм проверки подлинности, предусматривающий передачу не самого пароля пользователя, а косвенных сведений о нём. При использовании CHAP сервер удалённого доступа …   Википедия

  • chap — chap1 [chäp, chap] n. [prob. < ME cheppe < ?] CHOP2 chap2 [chap] n. [< CHAPMAN] Informal a man or boy; fellow chap3 [chap] vt., vi. chapped …   English World dictionary

  • Chap — (ch[a^]p or ch[o^]p), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Chapped} (ch[a^]pt or ch[o^]pt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Chapping}.] [See {Chop} to cut.] 1. To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough. [1913 Webster] Then… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chap — (ch[a^]p), n. [Perh. abbreviated fr. chapman, but used in a more general sense; or cf. Dan. ki[ae]ft jaw, person, E. chap jaw.] 1. A buyer; a chapman. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] If you want to sell, here is your chap. Steele. [1913 Webster] 2. A man… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chap|py — chap|py1 «CHAP ee», adjective, pi|er, pi|est. full of chaps or cracks; cleft. chap|py2 «CHAP ee», noun, plural pies. = chappie. (Cf. ↑chappie) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chap — Chap, v. i. 1. To crack or open in slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap. [1913 Webster] 2. To strike; to knock; to rap. [Scot.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chap — Chap, n. [From {Chap}, v. t. & i.] 1. A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin. [1913 Webster] 2. A division; a breach, as in a party. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Many clefts and chaps in our council board. T. Fuller.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chap — (ch[o^]p), n. [OE. chaft; of Scand. origin; cf. Icel kjaptr jaw, Sw. K[ a]ft, D. ki[ae]ft; akin to G. kiefer, and E. jowl. Cf. {Chops}.] 1. One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; commonly in the plural, and used of animals, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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