cider

\ \ [14] Despite its seeming roots in the appleproducing English countryside, cider is a very ancient word, which has come a long way to reach us. Hebrew shēkhār meant ‘any strong drink in general’. It crops up in several places in the Bible, and was adopted by Greek and Latin translators as, respectively, sīkéra and sīcera.
\ \ The Latin form was borrowed into Old French, where it became sisdre and eventually sidre. By now it was being applied more specifically to drink made from apples, and it had that meaning when it was borrowed into English.
\ \ However, its biblical associations were still sufficiently strong for it to retain its original meaning in certain contexts: for example, in 1382 John Wyclif translated Luke 1:15 (‘he shall drink neither wine nor strong drink’) as ‘he shall not drink wine and cider’. Its original form survived for a while, too, as sicar, which did not disappear from English until the 17th century.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Cider — Cider, in älterem Englisch auch Cyder, ist ein alkoholisches Getränk insbesondere britischer Herkunft, das aus Äpfeln gekeltert wird, entscheidend ist dabei die Verwendung spezieller Cider Hefen. Merriam Webster definiert Cider als vergorenen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cider — Ci der, n. [F. cidre, OF. sidre, fr. L. sicera a kind of strong drink, Gr. ?; of Oriental origin; cf. Heb. sh[=a]kar to be intoxicated, sh[=e]k[=a]r strong drink.] The expressed juice of apples. It is used as a beverage, for making vinegar, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cider — Cider. Nicht nur aus den Trauben der Kraft und Wärme spendenden Rebe wird Wein gewonnen, sondern auch verschiedene Aepfel und Birnensorten liefern einen wohlschmeckenden Saft, der dem Weine gleicht und an vielen Orten häufig getrunken wird.… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • cider — [sī′dər] n. [ME cidre, sider < OFr sidre, cidere < LL(Ec) sicera < Gr(Ec) sikera, an intoxicating drink, of Sem orig., as in Akkadian s̆ikaru, barley beer, Heb shēkār, strong drink of grain and honey < shākar, to become intoxicated]… …   English World dictionary

  • Cider —   [ saɪdə] der, s, englische Bezeichnung für Apfelwein. * * * Ci|der [ saɪdə], der; s [engl. cider < afrz. sidre, ↑Cidre]: engl. Bez. für Apfelwein …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cider — Cider, Wein aus allerlei Obstsorten, bes. aus Äpfeln (Äpfelwein), weil zu seinem gehörigen Gerathen u. zugleich zu seiner Dauer eine Festigkeit gehört, die den zarteren süßen Obstsorten, wie den Birnen, abgeht. Am liebsten nimmt man dazu Herbst u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cider — (Zider), soviel wie Obstwein …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cider — ist das durch die Gährung des Aepfelsaftes oder Birnsaftes gewonnene Getränk, bald Aepfelwein, bald Birnwein, in manchen Gegenden auch Aepfelmost, Birnmost und Most schlechtweg genannt, u. besonders häufig in der Schweiz, in vielen Gegenden… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • cider — (n.) late 13c., from O.Fr. cidre, cire (12c., Mod.Fr. cidre), variant of cisdre, from L.L. sicera, Vulgate rendition of Heb. shekhar, word used for any strong drink (translated in Old English as beor). Meaning gradually narrowed in English to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • cider — ► NOUN Brit. ▪ an alcoholic drink made from fermented apple juice. ORIGIN Old French sidre, from a Hebrew word meaning strong drink …   English terms dictionary

  • Cider — This article is about the alcoholic beverage. For the non alcoholic beverage, see Apple cider. For software, see TransGaming Technologies. Cider in a pint glass Cider or cyder (pronounced /ˈsaɪdər/ …   Wikipedia

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