\ \ [14] Latin gnōscere meant ‘know’ (it is related to know and notion). From it was derived the compound verb cognōscereget to know, recognize, acknowledge’. Its present participial stem cognōscent- formed the basis of a Vulgar Latin noun *connōscentia, which passed into Old French as connoissance. English borrowed this as conisance, restoring the Latin g to the spelling in the 15th century, which eventually affected the word’s pronunciation.
\ \ Also from the Latin present participle came Italian conoscente, which in its latinized form was borrowed into English as cognoscente in the 18th century. Meanwhile, the past participial stem of the Latin verb, cognit-, produced the noun cognitiō, source of English cognition [15].
\ \ The infinitive form of the Latin verb passed into Old French as connoître, from which was derived the agent noun connoisseur, borrowed into English in the 18th century (modern French has connaisseur).

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cognizance — Cog ni*zance (? or ?; 277), n. [OF. conissance, conoissance, F. connaissance, LL. cognoscentia, fr. L. cognoscere to know. See {Cognition}, and cf. {Cognoscence}, {Connoisseur}.] 1. Apprehension by the understanding; perception; observation.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cognizance — cog·ni·zance / käg nə zəns/ n [Old French connoissance right to acknowledge and adjudicate issues, literally, knowledge, acquaintance, from connoistre to be acquainted with]: jurisdiction Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Cognizance — may refer to: Cognizance, a heraldic badge, emblem or device formerly worn by retainers of a royal or noble house Cognizance, the action of taking judicial notice Cognizance (festival), the annual technical festival of Indian Institute of… …   Wikipedia

  • cognizance — (also cognisance) ► NOUN formal ▪ knowledge or awareness. ● take cognizance of Cf. ↑take cognizance of DERIVATIVES cognizant adjective cognize (also cognise) verb …   English terms dictionary

  • cognizance — [käg′nə zəns; ] occas. [ kän′əzəns] n. [ME cognisaunce < OFr conoissance, knowledge < conoissant, prp. of conoistre, to know < L cognoscere: see COGNITION] 1. perception or knowledge; esp., the range of knowledge possible through… …   English World dictionary

  • cognizance — mid 14c., from Anglo Fr. conysance recognition, later, knowledge, from O.Fr. conoissance acquaintance, recognition; knowledge, wisdom (Mod.Fr. connaissance), from pp. of conoistre to know, from L. cognoscere to get to know, recognize, from com… …   Etymology dictionary

  • cognizance — (Amer.) cog·ni·zance || kÉ‘gnɪzÉ™ns/ kÉ’g n. awareness, perceptiveness, recognition (also cognisance) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • cognizance — / cognition [n] understanding acknowledgment, apprehension, attention, awareness, comprehension, discernment, insight, intelligence, knowledge, mind, need, note, notice, observance, observation, perception, percipience, reasoning, recognition,… …   New thesaurus

  • cognizance — [[t]kɒ̱gnɪz(ə)ns[/t]] (in BRIT, also use cognisance) 1) PHRASE: V inflects If you take cognizance of something, you take notice of it or acknowledge it. [FORMAL] The government has in the past not taken cognisance of any protest unless there has… …   English dictionary

  • cognizance — /ko(g)nazans/ Jurisdiction, or the exercise of jurisdiction, or power to try and determine causes; judicial examination of a matter, or power and authority to make it. Judicial notice or knowledge; the judicial hearing of a cause; acknowledgment; …   Black's law dictionary

  • cognizance — noun Etymology: Middle English conisaunce, from Anglo French conissance, from conoistre to know, from Latin cognoscere Date: 14th century 1. a distinguishing mark or emblem (as a heraldic bearing) 2. a. knowledge, awareness …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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