\ \ [13] Craven originally meant simply ‘defeated’, and only gradually came to have the pejorative sense ‘cowardly’. It probably came from Old French cravantedefeated’, the past participle of the verb cravanter, which in turn came via Vulgar Latin *crepantāre from Latin crepāre; this meant ‘creak, rattle, crack’ (hence the English technical term crepitation [17]) but also secondarily ‘burst’ or ‘break’.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.


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  • Craven A — is a brand of cigarette which were made in Canada, Jamaica, Vietnam, and North Korea.[1] The cigarettes exhibit the English style flavor of a Virginia tobacco dominant blend, with that plant s attendant nutty sweetness. The cigarette was named… …   Wikipedia

  • Craven — Cra ven (kr? v n), a. [OE. cravant, cravaunde, OF. cravant? struck down, p. p. of cravanter, crevanter, to break, crush, strike down, fr. an assumed LL. crepantare, fr. L. crepans, p. pr. of crepare to break, crack, rattle. Cf. {Crevice},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Craven — Cra ven, n. [Formerly written also cravant and cravent.] A recreant; a coward; a weak hearted, spiritless fellow. See {Recreant}, n. [1913 Webster] King Henry. Is it fit this soldier keep his oath? Fluellen. He is a craven and a villain else.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Craven [2] — Craven (spr. Krehwn), Grafschaft im Staate Nord Carolina (Nordamerika), 45 QM., an den Pamlico Sund grenzend, u. vom Neuse River durchflossen; Boden eben, theilweis sumpfig u. waldig; Producte: Mais, Bauholz, Terpentin; Dampfschifffahrt auf dem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • craven — [adj] weak, timid chicken*, cowardly, dastardly, fearful, gutless, lily livered*, meanspirited, poltroonish, pusillanimous, scared, timorous, weak kneed*, wimpish*, wimpy*, wussy*, yellow*, yellow bellied*; concepts 401,550 Ant. bold, brave,… …   New thesaurus

  • Craven — Cra ven, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cravened} ( v nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Cravening}.] To make recreant, weak, spiritless, or cowardly. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] There is a prohibition so divine, That cravens my weak hand. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Craven [1] — Craven (spr. Krehwn), Elisabeth Berkeley, Lady, s. Elisabeth …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Craven — Craven, Elisabeth Berkeley, Lady, die jüngste Tochter des vierten Grafen Berkeley, geb. 1750, gest. 13. Jan. 1828, vermählte sich 1767 mit dem Grafen Wilhelm von C. und gebar ihm sechs Kinder, trennte sich aber 1780 von ihrem Gemahl und lebte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Craven — (Kräwʼn), Elisabeth Berkeley, Lady C., geb. 1750, von ihrem Manne, dem Grafen von C., 1781 geschieden, reiste in Europa, wurde 1791 von dem letzten Markgrafen von Ausbach geheirathet, der sein Land gegen eine Jahresrente 1793 an Preußen abtrat… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • craven — index caitiff, ignoble, recreant Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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