critic

\ \ [16] Critic and crisis both come ultimately from the Greek verb kríneindecide’ (a relative of Latin cerneredecide’, which produced English certain, crime, decree, discern, discrete, discriminate, excrement, riddlesieve’, secret, and secretary). The Greek derived noun krísisjudgment’ was used by the physicians Hippocrates and Galen for the ‘turning point of a disease’. It passed as a medical term via Latin crisis into English in the 15th century, where it was not used in the more general modern sense until the 17th century. The Greek derived noun kritésjudge’ produced in turn kritikósable to make judgments’; this came to be used as a noun, ‘one who makes judgments’, which passed via Latin criticus into English. Another descendant of krités was Greek kritérionstandard for making a judgment’, borrowed directly into English in the 17th century as criterion.
\ \ Cf.CERTAIN, CRIME, CRISIS, CRITERION, DISCERN, DISCRIMINATE, EXCREMENT, SECRET

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • critic — CRÍTIC, Ă, critici, ce, adj., subst. I. adj. 1. Care apreciază calităţile şi defectele (unor oameni, stări, fapte, opere etc.). Aparat critic = totalitatea notelor lămuritoare, a comentariilor etc., introduse la editarea unui text, cu scopul de a …   Dicționar Român

  • Critic — Crit ic (kr[i^]t [i^]k), n. [L. criticus, Gr. kritiko s, a critic; prop., an adj. meaning able to discuss, from kri nein to judge, discern. See {Certain}, and cf. {Critique}.] 1. One skilled in judging of the merits of literary or artistic works; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Critic — Crit ic, v. i. [Cf. F. critiquer.] To criticise; to play the critic. [Obs.] Syn: critique. [1913 Webster] Nay, if you begin to critic once, we shall never have done. A. Brewer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Critic — Crit ic, a. Of or pertaining to critics or criticism; critical. [Obs.] Critic learning. Pope. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • critic — (n.) 1580s, one who passes judgment, from M.Fr. critique (14c.), from L. criticus a judge, literary critic, from Gk. kritikos able to make judgments, from krinein to separate, decide (see CRISIS (Cf. crisis)). Meaning one who judges merits of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • critic — [n1] analyst, interpreter analyzer, annotator, arbiter, authority, caricaturist, cartoonist, commentator, connoisseur, diagnostic, evaluator, expert, expositor, judge, pundit, reviewer, sharpshooter; concept 348 critic [n2] faultfinder, detractor …   New thesaurus

  • critic — [krit′ik] n. [L criticus < Gr kritikos, a critic, orig., critical, able to discern < krinein: see CRISIS] 1. a) a person who forms and expresses judgments of people or things according to certain standards or values b) such a person whose… …   English World dictionary

  • critic — index malcontent Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • CRITIC — Intelligence Report (Governmental » Military) …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • critic — ► NOUN 1) a person who expresses an unfavourable opinion of something. 2) a person who reviews literary or artistic works. ORIGIN Greek kritikos, from krit s a judge …   English terms dictionary

  • Critic — Not to be confused with Critique. For other uses, see Critic (disambiguation). Critic by Lajos Tihanyi. Oil on canvas, c. 1916. A critic is anyone who expresses a value judgement. Informally, criticism is a common aspect of all human expression… …   Wikipedia

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