cross

\ \ [OE] When the Anglo-Saxons embraced Christianity they acquired cros, in the first instance from Old Irish cross. The word’s ultimate source was Latin crux, which may have been of Phoenician origin (although some have connected it with Latin curvusbent’). (Crux itself was borrowed into English in the 18th century.) The cross’s shape formed the basis of the adjectival, adverbial, and verbal uses of the word, and also of across. (The notion of ‘crossing’ also lies behind cruise [17] a probable borrowing from the Dutch kruisencross’.) Derivatives of the Latin word include crucial [18], crucible [15], crucifix [13] (from late Latin crucifixus, literally ‘fixed to a cross’), crusade [16], and excruciate [16].
\ \ Cf.CRUCIAL, CRUCIBLE, CRUCIFIX, CRUSADE, EXCRUCIATE

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • CROSS — {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres   Sigles de trois lettres AAA à DZZ EAA à HZZ IAA à LZZ MAA à PZZ QAA à TZZ UAA à XZZ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cross — [ krɔs ] n. m. • 1892; de cross country 1 ♦ Course à pied en terrain varié et difficile, avec des obstacles. Faire du cross. Champion de cross. ♢ Épreuve disputée sur un tel parcours. Disputer les cross de la saison. Fam. Parcours fait en courant …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cross — (kr[o^]s), a. 1. Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse; oblique; intersecting. [1913 Webster] The cross refraction of the second prism. Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster] 2. Not accordant with what is wished or expected; interrupting;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cross — (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise}, {Crux}.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cross — [krôs, kräs] n. [< ME cros & crois; cros < OE cros & ON kross, both < OIr cros < L crux (gen. crucis), a cross < IE * kreuk , extension of base * (s)ker , to turn, bend > L curvus; ME crois < OFr < L crux] 1. an upright… …   English World dictionary

  • Cross — (engl. = Kreuz) steht für: einen Familiennamen; Namensträger siehe Cross (Familienname) Cross (Boxen), eine Schlagtechnik beim Boxen Cross, beim Tennis ein diagonal geschlagener Ball The Cross, eine britische Band Crossrad ein Zwischen oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cross — ► NOUN 1) a mark, object, or figure formed by two short intersecting lines or pieces (+ or x). 2) an upright post with a transverse bar, as used in antiquity for crucifixion. 3) a cross shaped decoration awarded for bravery or indicating rank in… …   English terms dictionary

  • cross — cross·abil·i·ty; cross·able; cross·ette; cross·ite; cross·jack; cross·ly; cross·ness; cross·tie; cross·ways; cross·word·er; re·cross; un·cross; au·to·cross; cross·court; mo·to·cross; criss·cross; cross·er; in·ter·cross; poly·cross; cross·tied; …   English syllables

  • cross — I (disagree with) verb act in opposition to, argue, be opposed to, collide, conflict with, confront, confute, contend, contest, contradict, contravene, controvert, debate, defy, dispute, gainsay, homini obsistere, make a stand against, neutralize …   Law dictionary

  • Cross — Cross, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Crossed} (kr[o^]st; 115); p. pr. & vb. n. {Crossing}.] 1. To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect; as, to cross the arms. [1913 Webster] 2. To lay or draw something, as a line, across; as, to cross the letter t …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cross.tv — Type Private Founded Vienna, Austria Founder Andreas Kisslinger Stefan Jager Headquarters …   Wikipedia

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