\ \ [16] Algebra symbolizes the debt of Western culture to Arab mathematics, but ironically when it first entered the English language it was used as a term for the setting of broken bones, and even sometimes for the fractures themselves (‘The helpes of Algebra and of dislocations’, Robert Copland, Formulary of Guydo in surgery 1541). This reflects the original literal meaning of the Arabic term al jebr, ‘the reuniting of broken parts’, from the verb jabarareunite’. The anatomical connotations of this were adopted when the word was borrowed, as algebra, into Spanish, Italian, and medieval Latin, from one or other of which English acquired it. In Arabic, however, it had long been applied to the solving of algebraic equations (the full Arabic expression was ’ilm aljebr wa’lmuqābalahthe science of reunion and equation’, and the mathematician al- Khwarizmi used aljebr as the title of his treatise on algebra – see ALGORITHM), and by the end of the 16th century this was firmly established as the central meaning of algebra in English.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

(by means of letters and other symbols), ,

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Algebra — Algebra …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • algebră — ALGÉBRĂ s.f. 1. Teorie a operaţiilor privind numerele reale (pozitive ori negative) sau complexe şi rezolvarea ecuaţiilor prin substituirea prin litere a valorilor numerice şi a formulei generale de calcul numeric particular. ♦ Manual şcolar care …   Dicționar Român

  • Algebra — (fra Arabisk al djebr ) er en gren af matematikken der kan beskrives som en genralisering og udvidelse af aritmetikken. Man kan lave en grov inddeling af algebra i disse felter: 10 Elementær algebra hvor man ser på egenskaberne ved de reelle tal …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Algebra — Sf Lehre von den mathematischen Gleichungen (usw.) erw. fach. (15. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ml. algebra, das seinerseits auf arab. al ǧabr zurückgeht. Dieses ist Teil des Titels eines Lehrbuchs des arabischen Mathematikers Al Ḫwārizmī (9. Jh …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Algĕbra — (v. arab., Math.), der Theil der Arithmetik, der sich mit der Lösung solcher Aufgaben beschäftigt, in denen der Werth einer od. mehrerer Zahlen gefunden werden soll, nachdem das Resultat bekannt ist, welches aus irgend welchen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Algebra — »Buchstabenrechnung, Lehre von den mathematischen Gleichungen«: Der Fachausdruck der Mathematik wurde im 15. Jh. aus gleichbed. mlat. algebra, evtl. auch durch roman. Vermittlung (beachte entsprechend span., port. álgebra, it. algebra, frz.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Algebra — Al ge*bra, n. [LL. algebra, fr. Ar. al jebr reduction of parts to a whole, or fractions to whole numbers, fr. jabara to bind together, consolidate; al jebr w almuq[=a]balah reduction and comparison (by equations): cf. F. alg[ e]bre, It. & Sp.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Algebra — statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. algebra vok. Algebra, f rus. алгебра, f pranc. algèbre, f …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • Algebra — statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. algebra vok. Algebra, f rus. алгебра, f pranc. algèbre, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • algebra — [al′jə brə] n. [ME < ML < Ar al jabr, the reunion of broken parts < al, the + jabara, to reunite] 1. a mathematical system using symbols, esp. letters, to generalize certain arithmetic operations and relationships (Ex.: x + y = x2… …   English World dictionary

  • Algebra — Algebra, s. Arithmetik und Algebra …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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