custom

\ \ [12] Custom comes ultimately from Latin consuēscere, a compound verb formed from the intensive prefix com- and suēscerebecome accustomed’. This in turn was derived from suī, the genitive singular of the reflexive pronoun suusoneself’; the notion underlying its formation was therefore ‘that which is one’s own’, a semantic element echoed in Greek ethoscustom, usage, trait’, which was based ultimately on Indo-European *swe- ‘oneself’.
\ \ From consuēscere was formed the Latin noun consuētūdōbeing accustomed’ (source of the English legal noun consuetudecustom’ [14]).
\ \ This passed into early Old French as *costudne, which developed via *costumne to custome, the form borrowed into Middle English (English costume came from the same ultimate source, but via Italian costume). The word’s original sense, ‘habitual practice’, developed various secondary associations, including ‘customary tax’ (whence customs duties) and ‘customary business patronage’ (whence customer). The derivative accustom [15] was borrowed from Anglo-Norman acustumer.
\ \ Cf.ACCUSTOM, COSTUME

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • custom — cus‧tom [ˈkʌstəm] noun [uncountable] when people use a particular shop or business: • a marketing campaign to attract more custom • Saturday is usually our busiest day and we have missed out on a great deal of custom through the closure. * * * Ⅰ …   Financial and business terms

  • custom — [ kɶstɔm ] n. m. • v. 1974; d apr. l angl. amér. custom motorcycle « moto sur mesure » ♦ Anglic. Véhicule de série (voiture, moto) personnalisé par des spécialistes. Des customs ou des custom. ● custom nom masculin (mot américain) Automobile ou… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Custom — Voir « custom » sur le Wiktionnaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Custom — Cus tom (k[u^]s t[u^]m), n. [OF. custume, costume, Anglo Norman coustome, F. coutume, fr. (assumed) LL. consuetumen custom, habit, fr. L. consuetudo, dinis, fr. consuescere to accustom, verb inchoative fr. consuere to be accustomed; con + suere… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Custom — may refer to: Convention (norm), a set of agreed, stipulated or generally accepted rules, norms, standards or criteria, often taking the form of a custom Customization (disambiguation), anything made or modified to personal taste Custom (law) or… …   Wikipedia

  • custom- — [kʌstəm] prefix custom made/custom built/custom designed etc made, built etc for a particular person ▪ He always wore custom made suits ▪ custom ordered vehicles …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Custom — Cus tom, n. [OF. coustume, F. coutume, tax, i. e., the usual tax. See 1st {Custom}.] 1. The customary toll, tax, or tribute. [1913 Webster] Render, therefore, to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom. Rom. xiii. 7 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • custom — /ˈkastom, ingl. ˈkʌstəm/ [vc. ingl., accorc. di custom made, custom built «fatto su misura»] agg. inv. fatto su misura, personalizzato …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Custom — Cus tom, v. i. To have a custom. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] On a bridge he custometh to fight. Spenser. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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