\ \ [16] The term dictionary was coined in medieval Latin, probably in the 13th century, on the basis of the Latin adjective dictionāriusof words’, a derivative of Latin dictiōsaying’, or, in medieval Latin, ‘word’. English picked it up comparatively late; the first known reference to it is in The pilgrimage of perfection 1526: ‘and so Peter Bercharius [Pierre Bercheur, a 15thcentury French lexicographer] in his dictionary describeth it’.
\ \ Latin dictiō (source also of English diction [15]) was a derivatives of the verb diceresay’.
\ \ Its original meaning was ‘point out’ rather than ‘utter’, as demonstrated by its derivative indicāre (source of English indicate) and words in other languages, such as Greek deiknúnaishow’, Sanskrit diç- ‘show’ (later ‘say’), and German zeihenaccuse’, which come from the same ultimate source. Its past participle gave English dictum [16], and the derived verb dictāreassert’ produced English dictate [17] and dictator [14].
\ \ It has been the basis of a wide range of other English words, from the more obvious derivatives like addict and predict to more heavily disguised offspring such as condition, index, and judge.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • dictionary */*/ — UK [ˈdɪkʃən(ə)rɪ] / US [ˈdɪkʃəˌnerɪ] noun [countable] Word forms dictionary : singular dictionary plural dictionaries 1) a) a book that gives a list of words in alphabetical order and explains what they mean a dictionary of the English language… …   English dictionary

  • Dictionary — Dic tion*a*ry, n.; pl. {Dictionaries}. [Cf. F. dictionnaire. See {Diction}.] 1. A book containing the words of a language, arranged alphabetically, with explanations of their meanings; a lexicon; a vocabulary; a wordbook. [1913 Webster] I applied …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dictionary — [dik′shə ner΄ē] n. pl. dictionaries [ML dictionarium < LL dictio: see DICTION] 1. a book of alphabetically listed words in a language, with definitions, etymologies, pronunciations, and other information; lexicon 2. a book of alphabetically… …   English World dictionary

  • dictionary — 1520s, from M.L. dictionarium collection of words and phrases, from L. dictionarius of words, from dictio word (see DICTION (Cf. diction)). Probably first English use in title of a book was in Sir Thomas Elyot s Latin Dictionary (1538) though L.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Dictionary — (lat. dictio „das Sprechen“) steht für: ein dem englischen entlehntes Synonym für Wörterbuch ein Assoziatives Array Diese Seite …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dictionary — [n] book of word meanings concordance, cyclopedia, encyclopedia, glossary, language, lexicon, palaver, promptory, reference, terminology, vocabulary; concept 280 …   New thesaurus

  • dictionary — ► NOUN (pl. dictionaries) ▪ a book that lists the words of a language and gives their meaning, or their equivalent in a different language. ORIGIN from Latin dictionarium manuale or dictionarius liber manual or book of words …   English terms dictionary

  • dictionary — /dik sheuh ner ee/, n., pl. dictionaries. 1. a book containing a selection of the words of a language, usually arranged alphabetically, giving information about their meanings, pronunciations, etymologies, inflected forms, etc., expressed in… …   Universalium

  • Dictionary — For other uses, see Dictionary (disambiguation). For Wikimedia s dictionary project visit Wiktionary, or see the Wiktionary article. A multi volume Latin dictionary by Egidio Forcellini. A dic …   Wikipedia

  • dictionary — Synonyms and related words: biographical dictionary, cant, chemical dictionary, desk dictionary, dialect dictionary, dictionary of quotations, electronics dictionary, etymological dictionary, foreign language dictionary, gazetteer, general… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • dictionary — n. 1) to compile a dictionary 2) to expand; revise; update a dictionary 3) to consult a dictionary 4) an abridged, desk; bilingual; biographical; college, collegiate (AE); combinatorial, combinatory; dialect; etymological; general use, general… …   Combinatory dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.