distemper

\ \ English has two distinct words distemper, although ultimately they come from the same source, Latin temperāremingle’ (source of English temper, temperate, and temperature). This formed the basis of two separate medieval Latin verbs, both compounded from the prefix dis- but using it in quite different ways. Dis- in the sense ‘reversal of a current state’ joined with temperāre in the specialized meaning ‘mingle in proper proportion’ to produce distemperāreupset the proper balance of bodily humours’, hence ‘vex, make ill’. This passed directly into English as distemper [14], and survives today mainly as the term for an infectious disease of dogs. Disjoined with temperāre in its intensive function produced medieval Latin distemperāremix thoroughly, soak’, which entered English via Old French destemprer in the 14th century. The meaning ‘soak, steep, infuse’ survived until the 17th century: ‘Give the Horse thereof every morning … the quantity of a Hasel-nut distempered in a quart of Wine’, Edward Topsell, History of Four-footed Beasts 1607. The word’s modern application, to a water-based decorator’s paint, comes from the fact that the pigment is mixed with or infused in water (the same notion lies behind tempera [19], borrowed from Italian).
\ \ Cf.TEMPER, TEMPERATE, TEMPERATURE

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Distemper — Distemper …   Википедия

  • Distemper — may refer to: A viral infection Canine distemper, a disease of dogs Feline distemper, a disease of cats Phocine distemper, a disease of seals A bacterial infection Equine distemper, or Strangles, a bacterial infection of the horse Derangement or… …   Wikipedia

  • Distemper — Dis*tem per, n. [See {Distemper}, v. t., and cf. {Destemprer}.] 1. An undue or unnatural temper, or disproportionate mixture of parts. Bacon. [1913 Webster] Note: This meaning and most of the following are to be referred to the Galenical doctrine …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Distemper — en live, 2007 Pays d’origine Russie Genre musical Ska punk A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Distemper — Dis*tem per, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Distempered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Distempering}.] [OF. destemprer, destremper, to distemper, F. d[ e]tremper to soak, soften, slake (lime); pref. des (L. dis ) + OF. temprer, tremper, F. tremper, L. temperare to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Distemper — 2007 Allgemeine Informationen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • distemper — ► NOUN ▪ a kind of paint having a base of glue or size, used on walls. ► VERB ▪ paint with distemper. ORIGIN from Latin distemperare soak …   English terms dictionary

  • distemper — index discompose, disease, disorder (abnormal condition), disturb, pique Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • distemper — mid 14c., to disturb (v.), from O.Fr. destemprer, from M.L. distemperare vex, make ill, lit. upset the proper balance (of bodily humors), from dis un , not (see DIS (Cf. dis )) + L. temperare mingle in the proper proportion (see TEMPER (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • distemper — complaint, syndrome, *disease, malady, ailment, disorder, condition, affection …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • distemper — distemper1 [dis tem′pər] vt. [ME distemperen < OFr destemprer or ML distemperare, to disorder (esp. the “tempers,” or four humors) < L dis , apart + temperare, to mix in proportion: see TEMPER] 1. Obs. to make bad tempered; disturb; ruffle… …   English World dictionary

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