duke

\ \ [12] Duke is one of a wide range of English words which come ultimately from the Latin verb dūcerelead’ (see DUCT). In this case its source was the Latin derivative duxleader’ (ancestor also of Italian duce, the title adopted by the 20th-century dictator Benito Mussolini), which passed into English via Old French duc.
\ \ In Latin the word signified ‘military commander of a province’, and in the so-called Dark Ages it was taken up in various European languages as the term for a ‘prince ruling a small state’. Old English never adopted it though, preferring its own word earl, and it was not until the 14th century that it was formally introduced, by Edward III, as a rank of the English peerage.
\ \ Before that the word had been used in English only in the titles of foreign dukes, or (echoing the word’s etymological meaning) as a general term for ‘leader’ or ‘military commander’. The feminine form duchess [14] comes from Old French, while English has two terms for a duke’s rank or territory: the native dukedom [15], and duchy [14], borrowed from Old French duche (this came partly from medieval Latin ducātus, ultimate source of English ducat [14], a former Italian coin).
\ \ Cf.CONDUCT, DUCAT, DUCHESS, DUCHY, DUCT, PRODUCE

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Duke — bezeichnet einen britischer Adelstitel, siehe Peer Duke University, Universität in Durham, North Carolina, USA KTM Duke, Motorradmodellreihe des österreichischen Herstellers KTM Duke (Album), ein Album der Band Genesis Duke Records, ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duke — Студийный альбом Genesis Дата выпуска …   Википедия

  • Duke — (d[=u]k), n. [F. duc, fr. L. dux, ducis, leader, commander, fr. ducere to lead; akin to AS. te[ o]n to draw; cf. AS. heretoga (here army) an army leader, general, G. herzog duke. See {Tue}, and cf. {Doge}, {Duchess}, {Ducat}, {Duct}, {Adduce},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Duke — 〈[ dju:k] m. 6; engl. Bez. für〉 Herzog (höchster engl. Adelsrang); →a. Duchess * * * Duke [dju:k ], der; [s], s [engl. duke < frz. duc, ↑ Duc]: 1. <o. Pl.> höchster Rang des Adels in Großbritannien. 2 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • duke — (d[=u]k) v. t. To beat with the fists. [slang] [PJC] {to duke it out} to fight; usually implying, to fight with the fists; to settle a dispute by fighting with the fists. See duke, n. sense 4. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • duke — ► NOUN 1) a male holding the highest hereditary title in the British and certain other peerages. 2) chiefly historical (in parts of Europe) a male ruler of a small independent state. 3) (dukes) informal fists. ● duke it out Cf. ↑duke it out …   English terms dictionary

  • Duke — (d[=u]k) v. i. To play the duke. [Poetic] [1913 Webster] Lord Angelo dukes it well in his absence. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • duke — duke1 [do͞ok, dyo͞ok] n. [ME duk < OFr duc < L dux, leader < ducere, to lead: see DUCT] 1. a prince who rules an independent duchy 2. a nobleman of the highest hereditary rank below that of prince 3. any of several varieties of cherry… …   English World dictionary

  • DUKE — University (USA, http://www.duke.edu/) …   Acronyms

  • duke — [dju:k US du:k] n [Date: 1100 1200; : Old French; Origin: duc, from Latin dux leader , from ducere to lead ] a man with the highest social rank outside the royal family →↑duchess ▪ the Duke of Norfolk …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Duke — [dju:k] der; , s <aus engl. duke, dies aus fr. duc, vgl. 1↑Duc> höchste Rangstufe des Adels in England …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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