emancipate

\ \ [17] Despite modern associations with women’s liberation, emancipate has no etymological connection with man. It comes from Latin ēmancipāre, which meant originally ‘free from parental power’. This was a compound verb formed from the prefix ex- ‘out of’ and mancipiumownership’, and referred in Roman law to the freeing of a son from the legal authority of the male head of the family, thus making him responsible for himself in law. Mancipium (source of the archaic English noun manciplesteward, purveyor’ [13]) was ultimately a compound noun formed from manushand’ (as in English manual) and caperetake’ (as in English captive and capture). The association of the verb with the ‘freeing of slaves’, the basis of the present English meanings, is a modern development.
\ \ Cf.CAPTIVE, CAPTURE, MANCIPLE, MANUAL

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Emancipate — E*man ci*pate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Emancipated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Emancipating}.] [L. emancipatus, p. p. of emancipare to emancipate; e + mancipare to transfer ownership in, fr. manceps purchaser, as being one who laid his hand on the thing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • emancipate — eman·ci·pate /i man sə ˌpāt/ vt pat·ed, pat·ing 1: to free from restraint, control, or the power of another; esp: to free from bondage emancipated the slaves compare enfranchise 2: to release from the care, r …   Law dictionary

  • Emancipate — E*man ci*pate, a. [L. emancipatus, p. p.] Set at liberty. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • emancipate — (v.) 1620s, from L. emancipatus, pp. of emancipare declare (someone) free, give up one s authority over, in Roman law, the freeing of a son or wife from the legal authority (patria potestas) of the pater familias, to make his or her own way in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • emancipate — manumit, enfranchise, *free, liberate, release, deliver, discharge …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • emancipate — [v] set free affranchise, deliver, discharge, disencumber, disenthral, enfranchise, liberate, loose, loosen, manumit, release, unbind, unchain, unfetter, unshackle; concept 127 Ant. hold, imprison, incarcerate …   New thesaurus

  • emancipate — ► VERB 1) set free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions. 2) free from slavery. DERIVATIVES emancipation noun emancipator noun emancipatory adjective. ORIGIN Latin emancipare transfer as property , from mancipium slave …   English terms dictionary

  • emancipate — [ē man′sə pāt΄, iman′sə pāt΄] vt. emancipated, emancipating [< L emancipatus, pp. of emancipare < e , out + mancipare, to deliver up or make over as property < manceps, purchaser < manus, the hand (see MANUAL) + capere, to take (see… …   English World dictionary

  • emancipate — v. (D; tr.) to emancipate from (to emancipate serfs from bondage) * * * [ɪ mænsɪpeɪt] (D; tr.) to emancipate from (to emancipate serfs from bondage) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • emancipate — UK [ɪˈmænsɪpeɪt] / US [ɪˈmænsɪˌpeɪt] verb [transitive] Word forms emancipate : present tense I/you/we/they emancipate he/she/it emancipates present participle emancipating past tense emancipated past participle emancipated formal to give freedom… …   English dictionary

  • emancipate — 1. verb a) To set free from the power of another; to liberate; as: b) To set free, as a minor from a parent; as, a …   Wiktionary

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