emerald

\ \ [13] Emerald traces its history back to an ancient Semitic verb ‘shine’ – bāraq. From this there seems to have been formed a noun *bāraqt meaning ‘gem’. This was taken over into the ancient vernacular languages of India (main source of gems in early times) as maragada-. Greek acquired the word as máragdosgreen gem’, which was soon superseded as the main form by a variant smáragdos. Latin adopted this as smaragdus (which passed into English, probably via Old French, as smaragd, a term used for the ‘emerald’ from the 13th to the 18th century, and revived as an archaism in the 19th century). In post-classical times Latin smaragdus became *smaralda, and as this became disseminated through the Romance languages it acquired in many cases an additional syllable: Spanish esmeralda, for instance (source of the English forename) and Old French esmeraude, borrowed into Middle English as emeraud.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Emerald — (englisch für Smaragd) bezeichnet eine Band, siehe Emerald (Band) eine US amerikanische Erotik Schauspielerin *1973, siehe Emerald (Schauspielerin) den britischen Leichten Kreuzer HMS Emerald, Baujahr 1920 ein Kreuzfahrtschiff, siehe Emerald… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emerald — Em er*ald, a. Of a rich green color, like that of the emerald. Emerald meadows. Byron. [1913 Webster] {Emerald fish} (Zo[ o]l.), a fish of the Gulf of Mexico ({Gobionellus oceanicus}), remarkable for the brilliant green and blue color of the base …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • emerald — bright green precious stone, c.1300, emeraude, from O.Fr. esmeraude (12c.), from M.L. esmaraldus, from L. smaragdus, from Gk. smaragdos green gem (emerald or malachite), from Sem. baraq shine (Cf. Heb. bareqeth emerald, Arabic barq lightning ).… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Emerald — (Пунта дель Эсте,Уругвай) Категория отеля: Адрес: Avenida Terradel y Martin Pascual, 20100 …   Каталог отелей

  • Emerald — (Плака,Греция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Plaka Apokoronou, Плака, 73008, Гр …   Каталог отелей

  • Emerald — Em er*ald, n. [OE. emeraude, OF. esmeraude, esmeralde, F. [ e]meraude, L. smaragdus, fr. Gr. ?; cf. ?kr. marakata.] 1. (Min.) A precious stone of a rich green color, a variety of beryl. See {Beryl}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Print.) A kind of type, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Emerald — (программа) Emerald (судно) Список значений слова или словосочетания со ссылками на соответствующие статьи. Если вы попали сюда из …   Википедия

  • emerald — [em′ər əld] n. [ME & OFr emeralde < VL smaraldus, for L smaragdus < Gr smaragdos, of non European orig.] 1. a transparent, bright green precious stone; green variety of beryl 2. a similar variety of corundum 3. bright green adj. 1. bright… …   English World dictionary

  • Emerald — (franz. Émeraude), soviel wie Smaragd …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Emerald — Emerald, s.v.w. Smaragd; s. Beryll …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Emerald — f English: from the name of the gemstone, representing a vernacular form of ESMERALDA (SEE Esmeralda) …   First names dictionary

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