\ \ [17] Equestrian was adapted from Latin equester, an adjective derived from equeshorseman’. Eques in turn was based on equushorse’ (source of English equine [18]). This was the Latin descendant of *ekwos, the prehistoric Indo-European term for ‘horse’, which was once found in all the daughter languages of Indo- European except for the Slavic branch: Old English had eoh, for example, Old Irish ech, Sanskrit avás, and ancient Greek híppos (source of English hippodrome and hippopotamus). It is a remarkable circumstance, however, that over the past thousand years equus and its relatives have (other than in derivatives such as equine) died out, to be replaced by secondary terms such as French cheval (from Latin caballus, probably a non-Indo-European borrowing), German pferd (from late Latin paraverēdusextra post-horse’, source also of English palfrey), and English horse.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Equestrian — E*ques tri*an, a. [L. equester, from eques horseman, fr. equus horse: cf. F. [ e]questre. See {Equine}.] 1. Of or pertaining to horses or horsemen, or to horsemanship; as, equestrian feats, or games. [1913 Webster] 2. Being or riding on… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Equestrian — may mean: *A horseback rider (see equestrianism) *Equestrian (Roman), a member of one of the upper classes in ancient Rome *Equestrian sculpture, a statue of a leader on horseback *Equestrian nomads, one of various nomadic or semi nomadic ethnic… …   Wikipedia

  • equestrian — [ē kwes′trē ən, ikwes′trē ən] adj. [< L equestris (< eques, horseman < equus, horse: see HIPPO ) + AN] 1. of horses, horsemen, horseback riding, or horsemanship 2. depicting a person on horseback [an equestrian statue] 3. a) …   English World dictionary

  • Equestrian — E*ques tri*an, n. One who rides on horseback; a horseman; a rider. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • equestrian — (adj.) 1650s, formed in English from L. equester (gen. equestris) of a horseman, from eques horseman, knight, from equus horse (see EQUINE (Cf. equine)). As a noun, one who rides on horseback, from 1791. The pseudo French fem. equestrienne is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • equestrian — ► ADJECTIVE 1) relating to horse riding. 2) depicting or representing a person on horseback. ► NOUN (fem. equestrienne) ▪ a person on horseback. ORIGIN Latin equester, from eques horseman, knight , from equus horse …   English terms dictionary

  • equestrian — equestrianism, n. /i kwes tree euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to horseback riding or horseback riders: equestrian skill. 2. mounted on horseback: equestrian knights. 3. representing a person mounted on a horse: an equestrian statue. 4.… …   Universalium

  • equestrian — I. adjective Etymology: Latin equestr , equester of a horseman, from eques horseman, from equus horse more at equine Date: circa 1681 1. a. of, relating to, or featuring horseback riding < equestrian Olympic events > b. archaic riding on… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • equestrian — 1. adjective of horseback riding or horseback riders They were an equestrian people. 2. noun an equestrian person; a horserider See Also: equestrienne …   Wiktionary

  • equestrian — [[t]ɪkwe̱striən[/t]] ADJ: usu ADJ n Equestrian means connected with the activity of riding horses. ...his equestrian skills …   English dictionary

  • equestrian — adjective connected with horse riding: equestrian events equestrian noun (C) …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

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