farm

\ \ [13] The specifically agricultural connotations of farm are surprisingly recent. The word comes ultimately from Latin firmāremake firm, fix’, which produced a medieval Latin derived noun firma, denoting ‘fixed payment’. English acquired the word via Old French ferme, and originally used it in just this sense (‘I will each of them all have 4d to drink when they pay their farm’, Bury Wills 1463); something of this early sense is preserved in the verbal usage farm out, which to begin with signified ‘rent out’. By the 16th century the noun was shifting semantically from ‘fixed (rental) payment’ to ‘land leased for such payment, for the purpose of cultivation’, but only very gradually did the notion of a farm being specifically a leased piece of land die out.
\ \ Cf.FIRM

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Synonyms:
/ (land, revenues, etc.) / (land, revenues, etc.) / (land), , , , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • farm — [färm] n. [ME < OFr ferme < ML firma, fixed payment, farm < firmare, to farm, lease, orig., to make a contract < L, to make firm, secure < firmus, FIRM1] 1. a) Obs. a fixed sum payable at regular intervals, as rent or taxes b) the… …   English World dictionary

  • Farm — [farm], die; , en: 1. größerer landwirtschaftlicher Betrieb (in angelsächsischen Ländern): sie leben auf einer abgelegenen Farm. Syn.: ↑ Bauernhof, ↑ Gehöft, ↑ Gut, ↑ Hof. Zus.: Großfarm, Rinderfarm. 2. größerer Betrieb für die Zucht von Geflügel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Farm — Farm, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Farmed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Farming}.] 1. To lease or let for an equivalent, as land for a rent; to yield the use of to proceeds. [1913 Webster] We are enforced to farm our royal realm. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To give up… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • farm — farm; farm·er; farm·er·ess; farm·er·ette; farm·er·ly; farm·ery; non·farm; …   English syllables

  • Farm — Farm, n. [OE. ferme rent, lease, F. ferme, LL. firma, fr. L. firmus firm, fast, firmare to make firm or fast. See {Firm}, a. & n.] 1. The rent of land, originally paid by reservation of part of its products. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. The term or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Farm — bezeichnet: Farm (Landwirtschaft), landwirtschaftliche Betriebe jeglicher Art in Ländern englischer Sprache Serverfarm, Gruppe von gleichartigen, vernetzten Server Hosts, die zu einem logischen System verbunden sind The Farm bezeichnet: The Farm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Farm — Sf landwirtschaftlicher Betrieb in Übersee erw. exot. ass. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. farm, dieses aus afrz. ferme Pachthof . Heute übertragen verwendet für Großbetriebe in der Tierhaltung u.ä. Täterbezeichnung: Farmer.    Ebenso nndl …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Farm 61 — (Bjerringbro,Дания) Категория отеля: Адрес: Tindbækvej 61, Tindbæk, 8830 Bjerringbro, Дания …   Каталог отелей

  • FARM — Animal Reform Movement (Community » Non Profit Organizations) Farm Animal Reform Movement (Medical » Veterinary) * Farmer Brothers Company (Business » NASDAQ Symbols) * Filipino American Rural Mission (Community » Religion) * Filipino American… …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • farm — ► NOUN 1) an area of land and its buildings used for growing crops and rearing animals. 2) a farmhouse. 3) an establishment for breeding or growing something, or devoted to a particular thing: a fish farm . ► VERB 1) make one s living by growing… …   English terms dictionary

  • Farm — Farm, v. i. To engage in the business of tilling the soil; to labor as a farmer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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