film

\ \ [OE] The notion underlying film is of a thin ‘skin’. The word comes ultimately from a prehistoric Germanic *fellam, which was related to Latin pellisskin’ (source of English peltskin’). From this was derived *filminjam, which produced Old English filmen, a word used for various sorts of anatomical membrane or thin skin, including the peritoneum and the foreskin of the penis. It was generalized from the late 16th century to any thin membrane, and was applied by early 19th-century photographers to a thin layer of gel spread on photographic plates (‘The film of isinglass … peels off and will be found to bear a minute copy of the original’, William Thornthwaite, Guide to Photography 1845). As photographic technique moved on to cellulose coated with photosensitive emulsion, it took the term film with it.
\ \ Cf.PELT

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Synonyms:

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  • film — film …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • film — [ film ] n. m. • 1889; mot angl. « pellicule » 1 ♦ Pellicule photographique. Développer un film. Rouleau de film. ♢ (1896) Plus cour. Pellicule cinématographique; bande régulièrement perforée. Film de 35 mm (format professionnel). Films de format …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Film X — Film pornographique Un film pornographique, aussi appelé film X par abus de langage ou porno hard est un film contenant des scènes où l acte sexuel humain est explicitement et délibérément montré dans le but d exciter le spectateur. Les premiers… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • film — s.m.inv. FO 1. pellicola cinematografica o fotografica: film in bianco e nero, film a colori, film a 35 mm 2. opera cinematografica, spec. lungometraggio di genere narrativo: girare, produrre un film, andare a vedere un film, film comico,… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Film —  Pour l art et la technique, voir cinéma et film (homonymie). Un film est d abord un ruban pelliculaire de cellulose, recouvert d une émulsion photosensible, sur lequel on enregistre des images avec un appareil cinématographique (ou encore… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Film 9,5 Mm — Le film 9,5 mm est un format de film cinéma d une largeur de 9,5 mm, lancé par Pathé en 1922. La particularité de ce film est ses perforations d’entraînement centrales, entre chaque image, permettant ainsi d utiliser toute la largeur du film …   Wikipédia en Français

  • /Film — /Film …   Википедия

  • film — /fɪlm / (say film) noun 1. a thin layer or coating. 2. a thin sheet of any material. 3. Photography a. the sensitive coating, as of gelatine and silver bromide, on a photographic plate. b. a strip or roll of cellulose nitrate or cellulose acetate …   Australian English dictionary

  • Film 8 Mm — Pour les articles homonymes, voir 8 mm. Caméra 8 mm Le 8 mm est un format de film de cinéma amateur lancé en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • film — FILM, filme, s.n. 1. Bandă flexibilă de celuloid, transparentă şi subţire, acoperită cu un strat de material sensibil la acţiunea luminii, pe care se formează o imagine fotografică şi care se foloseşte în fotografie, în radiografie etc. ♦ (cin.)… …   Dicționar Român

  • film — fȉlm m <N mn fìlmovi> DEFINICIJA 1. vrpca za snimanje [crno bijeli film; kolor film]; filmska traka 2. prošireno zn. na dokumentarno ili igrano (glumljeno) djelo snimljeno na film [nijemi film; zvučni film] 3. meton. a. djelatnost na tom… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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