host

\ \ Indo-European *ghostis denoted ‘stranger’.
\ \ From it were descended Germanic *gastiz (source of English guest), Greek xénosguest, stranger’ (source of English xenon and xenophobia), and Latin hostisstranger, enemy’.
\ \ This original meaning is retained in the derived adjective hostile [16], but the noun itself in postclassical times came to mean ‘army’, and that is where (via Old French) English got hostarmy’ [13] from. Its main modern sense, ‘large number’, is a 17th-century development. But Latin had another noun, hospeshost’, which was probably derived from hostis. Its stem form, hospit-, passed into Old French as hoste (whose modern French descendant hôte means both ‘host’ and ‘guest’). English borrowed this in the 13th century, giving it a second noun host, quite distinct in meaning, but ultimately of the same origin. (Other English words that owe their existence to Latin hospes include hospice, hospital, hostel, hotel, and ostler.) But that is not the end of the host story.
\ \ English has yet another noun host, meaning ‘bread of the Eucharist’ [14]. This comes via Old French hoiste from Latin hostiasacrifice, victim’.
\ \ Cf.GUEST, HOSPITAL, HOSTILE, HOTEL, OSTLER, XENON, XENOPHOBIA

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Host — Host …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Host — • Archaeological and historical aspects Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Host     Host     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Host — Host(s) may refer to:In Christianity: * Heavenly host, an army of good angels in Heaven * Host (Holy Communion), bread in the EucharistIn culture: * Host (event), a television or radio show presenter * Host (album), a 1999 album by the band… …   Wikipedia

  • host — host·al; host·ess ship; host·ing; host·less; host·ly; kink·host; host; non·host; host·ess; …   English syllables

  • Host — (h[=o]st), n. [OE. host, ost, OF. host, ost, fr. L. hostis enemy, LL., army. See {Guest}, and cf. {Host} a landlord.] 1. An army; a number of men gathered for war. [1913 Webster] A host so great as covered all the field. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Host — [hoʊst] (englisch „Wirt“, „Gastgeber“) steht für: Host (Datenbankanbieter), Computer, der im Internet Datenbanken zur Verfügung stellt Host (Informationstechnik), Computer, der Dienste in einem Rechnernetz zur Verfügung stellt ein Gerät mit IP… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Host — 〈[ hoʊst] m. 6〉 1. 〈kurz für〉 Hostcomputer 2. Adresse im Internet [engl., eigtl. „Gastgeber“] * * * Host [hoʊst ], der; [s], s [engl. host ↑ (Hostess)] (EDV): (in einem System von Computern od. Terminals) Zentralrechner mit permanenter… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • host — Ⅰ. host [1] ► NOUN 1) a person who receives or entertains guests. 2) the presenter of a television or radio programme. 3) a person, place, or organization that holds and organizes an event to which others are invited. 4) often humorous the… …   English terms dictionary

  • host — host1 [hōst] n. [ME hoste < OFr hoiste < ML(Ec) hostia, consecrated host < L, animal sacrificed, prob. < hostire, to recompense, requite] 1. a wafer of the bread used in a Eucharistic service 2. [H ] a consecrated Eucharistic wafer… …   English World dictionary

  • Host — (h[=o]st), n. [OE. host, ost, OF. hoste, oste, F. h[^o]te, from L. hospes a stranger who is treated as a guest, he who treats another as his guest, a hostl prob. fr. hostis stranger, enemy (akin to E. guest a visitor) + potis able; akin to Skr.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Höst — Høst ist der Name von Gerd Høst Heyerdahl (1915−2007), norwegische Schauspielerin, Schriftstellerin und Professorin für Germanistik Jens Kragh Høst (1772−1844), dänischer Jurist, Historiker und Übersetzer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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