idol

\ \ [13] Greek eidos meant ‘form, shape’ (it came from the same root as idéā, source of English idea). From it was derived eídōlon, which originally meant ‘appearance’, and in particular ‘apparition, phantom’. It developed from there to ‘image’, either a ‘mental image’ or a ‘physical image’, such as a ‘statue’; and in the early Christian era it and its Latin descendant īdōlum were used for an ‘image of a false god’.
\ \ English acquired the word via Old French idole or idele.
\ \ Another English offspring of Greek eidos, in the sense ‘picture’, is idyll [17], which was borrowed from the diminutive form eidúllionlittle picture’, hence ‘small descriptive poem’.
\ \ Cf.IDEA, IDYLL

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Idol — Idol …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • idol — idol; idol·a·ter; idol·a·tress; idol·a·tric; idol·a·trize; idol·a·trous; idol·a·try; idol·ism; idol·ist; idol·i·za·tion; idol·ize; idol·a·triz·er; idol·a·trous·ly; idol·a·trous·ness; idol·iz·er; …   English syllables

  • Idol — (von lateinisch idolum ‚Abgott‘, entlehnt im 18. Jahrhundert, das auf griechisch eídolon ‚Gestalt‘, ‚Bild‘, ‚Götzenbild‘ zurückgeht) steht für: Abgott, das Abbild eines Gottes Idolatrie, Form der Bilderverehrung göttlicher Wesen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • idol — ÍDOL, idoli, s.m. Divinitate păgână; (concr.) chip, figură, statuie reprezentând o asemenea divinitate şi constituind, în religiile politeiste, obiecte de cult religios. ♦ fig. Fiinţă sau lucru care reprezintă obiectul unui cult sau al unei mari… …   Dicționar Român

  • Idol — Sn vergöttertes Vorbild erw. stil. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. īdōlum, īdōlon Schattenbild eines Abgeschiedenen, das Bild in der Seele, das Götzenbild , dieses aus gr. eídōlon, zu gr. ídeĩn erkennen, erblicken , ursprünglich Aorist zu… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • idol — ìdōl m <G idóla> DEFINICIJA 1. rel. a. slika, kip ili lik koji simbolizira višu silu ili više biće i sam postaje predmet obožavanja, onaj kojemu se iskazuje božanska čast b. krivo ili lažno božanstvo; kumir 2. a. pren. osoba pretjeranog,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Idol — I dol, n. [OE. idole, F. idole, L. idolum, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? that which is seen, the form, shape, figure, fr. ? to see. See {Wit}, and cf. {Eidolon}.] 1. An image or representation of anything. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Do her adore with sacred… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • idol — [īd′ l] n. [ME idole < OFr < L idolum, an image, form, specter, apparition (in LL(Ec), idol) < Gr eidōlon, an image, phantom (in LGr(Ec), idol) < eidos, form: see OID] 1. an image of a god, used as an object or instrument of worship 2 …   English World dictionary

  • ìdōl — m 〈G idóla〉 1. {{001f}}rel. a. {{001f}}slika, kip ili lik koji simbolizira višu silu ili više biće i sam postaje predmet obožavanja; onaj kojemu se iskazuje božanska čast b. {{001f}}krivo ili lažno božanstvo; kumir 2. {{001f}}a. {{001f}}pren.… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • idol — (n.) mid 13c., image of a deity as an object of (pagan) worship, from O.Fr. idole idol, graven image, pagan god, from L.L. idolum image (mental or physical), form, used in Church Latin for false god, from Gk. eidolon appearance, reflection in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • idol-? — *idol ? germ.?, Substantiv: nhd. Götzenbild; ne. idol; Interferenz: Lehnwort lat. īdōlum; Etymologie: s. īdōlum, Neutrum, Bild; gr. εἴδωλον ( …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.