indigo

\ \ [16] Etymologically indigo, a blue dye, is the ‘Indian dye’ – so named because supplies of it were obtained from India. The term is an ancient one. It originated in Greek indikón, literally the ‘Indian substance’, a derivative of the adjective IndikósIndian’, and passed via Latin indicum and Spanish indico into English as indico. This was replaced in the 17th century by the Portuguese form indigo, and it was Portuguese influence, stemming from their commercial activities in India, that really established the term among the European languages (hitherto the commoner term for the dye had been anil, a word of Sanskrit origins). (The name India, incidentally, to which indigo is related, comes ultimately from Old Persian hiñd’u, which originally meant ‘river’, was subsequently applied specifically to the river Indus, and finally became the name for the country through which the Indus flowed.)
\ \ Cf.INDIA

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • indigo — [ ɛ̃digo ] n. m. • 1578; mot esp., du lat. indicum « indien » 1 ♦ Matière tinctoriale bleue, obtenue primitivement à partir de l indican extrait de l indigotier, obtenue aujourd hui par synthèse. L indigo naturel est d un bleu foncé avec des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Indigo — In di*go, a. Having the color of, pertaining to, or derived from, indigo. [1913 Webster] {Indigo berry} (Bot.), the fruit of the West Indian shrub {Randia aculeata}, used as a blue dye. {Indigo bird} (Zo[ o]l.), a small North American finch… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Indigo — In di*go, n.; pl. {Indigoes}. [F. indigo, Sp. indigo, indico, L. indicum indigo, fr. Indicus Indian. See {Indian}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A kind of deep blue, one of the seven prismatic colors. [1913 Webster] 2. (Chem.) A blue dyestuff obtained from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • indigo — INDIGÓ, indigouri, s.n., adj. invar. 1. s.n. Una dintre culorile fundamentale ale spectrului luminii, cuprinsă între albastru şi violet. 2. adj. Care are culoarea descrisă mai sus. 3. s.n. Materie colorantă albastru închis, extrasă din frunzele… …   Dicționar Român

  • Indigo — Smn ein dunkelblauer Farbstoff per. Wortschatz fach. (14. Jh., Form 17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Die frühere Form spmhd. indich ist entlehnt aus l. indicum, dieses aus gr. indikón, eigentlich der indische (Farbstoff) . Danach Indigo im Anschluß an obit.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Indigo — Indigo, blauer Farbstoff aus dem Pflanzenreich, s. Farbstoffe, pflanzliche (Bd. 3, S. 638), Indigodruck, Indigokarmin, Indigoküpen. – Indigo, chinesischer, grüner, s. Chinesischgrün; Indigo, künstlicher, s. Farbstoffe, künstliche… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Índigo — puede referirse a: Un color, también llamado añil. La planta (del género Indigofera), de donde se extrae el tinte llamado añil o índigo. El tinte extraído de esta planta. Una serie de televisión chilena transmitida por Mega. Los niños índigo. Una …   Wikipedia Español

  • indigo — 1550s, from Sp. indico, Port. endego, and Du. (via Portuguese) indigo, all from L. indicum indigo, from Gk. indikon blue dye from India, lit. Indian (substance), neut. of indikos Indian, from India (see INDIA (Cf. India)). As the color of indi …   Etymology dictionary

  • indigo — ìndigo m DEFINICIJA 1. modroljubičasta boja nazvana po biljci indigofera iz koje se nekoć dobivala 2. papir za pravljenje kopija [indigo papir] SINTAGMA bijeli indigo kem., v. indoksil ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Indigo ≃ lat. indicum ← grč. indikón:… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • indigo — /ˈɪndɪgoʊ / (say indigoh) noun (plural indigos) 1. a blue dye obtained from various plants, especially of the genus Indigofera. 2. indigo blue or indigotin, the colouring principle of this dye. 3. a plant of the leguminous genus Indigofera, as in …   Australian English dictionary

  • Indĭgo — (Indicum), blauer Farbstoff, kann aus vielen Pflanzen erhalten werden, findet sich aber niemals fertig gebildet in diesen Pflanzen. Die wichtigsten Indigopflanzen sind: Indigofera tinctoria, Anil, articulata, sumatrana, arracta, argentea, hirsuta …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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