lake

\ \ English has two words lake. The one meaning ‘body of water’ [13] comes via Old French lac from Latin lacus. This goes back to the same prehistoric source as produced Gaelic loch (acquired by English in the 14th century) and Latin lacūnahole, pit, pool’ (from which English got lacuna [17] and, via Italian or Spanish, lagoon [17]); this seems to have denoted ‘hole, basin’, the notion of ‘water-filled hole’ being a secondary development. Lake the colour [17], now usually encountered only in crimson lake, is a variant of lac, a term for a reddish resin or dye that comes via Dutch or French from Hindi lākh, and forms the second syllable of English shellac. Its ultimate source is Sanskrit lākshā. Lacquer [16] comes via early modern French lacresealingwax’ from laca, the Portuguese version of lac.
\ \ Cf.LACUNA, LAGOON; LACQUER, SHELLAC

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Lake — bezeichnet niederdeutschen ein flaches stehendes Gewässer, hd. Lacke, siehe Weiher (Gewässer) Salzlake, eine Salzlösung Lake (Lippe), Nebenfluss der Lippe bei Lippstadt Lake ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alan Lake (1940–1984),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lake — (lago en idioma inglés) puede referirse a: Música Lake, grupo musical de rock alemán. Lake, álbum de Lake del 1976 Geografía Reino Unido Lake, parroquia civil de la Isla de Wight. Estados Unidos Lake, pueblo del Condado de Benzie, Míchigan Lake,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lake — Lake, n. [AS. lac, L. lacus; akin to AS. lagu lake, sea, Icel. l[ o]gr; OIr. loch; cf. Gr. la kkos pond, tank. Cf. {Loch}, {Lough}.] A large body of water contained in a depression of the earth s surface, and supplied from the drainage of a more… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lake — (l[=a]k), n. [F. laque, fr. Per. See {Lac}.] A pigment formed by combining some coloring matter, usually by precipitation, with a metallic oxide or earth, esp. with aluminium hydrate; as, madder lake; Florentine lake; yellow lake, etc. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lake — Ⅰ. lake [1] ► NOUN 1) a large area of water surrounded by land. 2) (the Lakes) another name for the LAKE DISTRICT(Cf. ↑Lake District). DERIVATIVES lakelet noun …   English terms dictionary

  • lake — W3S3 [leık] n [Date: 1200 1300; : Old French; Origin: lac, from Latin lacus] 1.) a large area of water surrounded by land ▪ Lake Michigan 2.) wine/milk etc lake BrE a very large amount of wine, milk etc that has been produced but is not needed or …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • lake — [ leık ] noun count ** a large area of water surrounded by land: There were some boys swimming in the lake. a. a large amount of liquid: a wine lake …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Lake — Lake, MS U.S. town in Mississippi Population (2000): 408 Housing Units (2000): 159 Land area (2000): 1.102019 sq. miles (2.854217 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.102019 sq. miles (2.854217 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lake, MS — U.S. town in Mississippi Population (2000): 408 Housing Units (2000): 159 Land area (2000): 1.102019 sq. miles (2.854217 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.102019 sq. miles (2.854217 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lake — »Salzlösung zum Konservieren von Fischen und Fleisch«: Das seit dem 14. Jh. bezeugte mnd. lake »‹Herings›salzbrühe«, das im Rahmen des Heringshandels ins Hochd. übernommen wurde, ist identisch mit mnd. lake »stehendes Wasser« (vgl. 1↑ Lache) …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • lake — lake1 [lāk] n. [ME < OE lacu & OFr lac, both < L lacus, a basin, lake < IE base * laku , accumulation of water, pond, lake > LOCH, OE lagu, water, sea] 1. an inland body of usually fresh water, larger than a pool or pond, generally… …   English World dictionary

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