\ \ [19] Greek líthos meant ‘stone’. It has contributed a small cluster of words to English, including lithium [19] (a metal so named from its mineral origin), lithops [20] (the name of a small pebble-like plant, coined in the 1920s, which means literally ‘stoneface’ in Greek), lithosphere [19] (the solid outer layer of the Earth), lithotomy [18] (the surgical removal of stones from the bladder), megalith [19], monolith [19], and the various terms for subdivisions of the Stone Age, such as Neolithic [19] and Paleolithic [19]. Lithography itself, which denotes a method of printing from a flat surface, means etymologically ‘stone-writing’, reflecting the fact that the original printing surfaces in this process were of stone (they are now usually metal).

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lithograph — lith o*graph, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {lithographed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {lithographing}.] [litho + graph: cf. F. lithographier.] To trace on stone by the process of lithography so as to transfer the design to paper by printing; as, to lithograph a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lithograph — lith o*graph, n. A print made by lithography. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lithograph — (n.) 1828, back formation from LITHOGRAPHY (Cf. lithography). As a verb, from 1825. Related: Lithographed; lithographer; lithographic …   Etymology dictionary

  • lithograph — ► NOUN ▪ a print made by lithography. ► VERB ▪ print by lithography. DERIVATIVES lithographic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • lithograph — [lith′ə graf΄] n. a print made by lithography vi., vt. to make (prints or copies) by this process lithographer [li thäg′rə fər] n …   English World dictionary

  • lithograph — UK [ˈlɪθəˌɡrɑːf] / US [ˈlɪθəˌɡræf] noun [countable] Word forms lithograph : singular lithograph plural lithographs art a picture made using lithography …   English dictionary

  • lithograph — [[t]lɪ̱θəgrɑːf, græf[/t]] lithographs N COUNT A lithograph is a printed picture made by the method of lithography …   English dictionary

  • lithograph — lith·o·graph || lɪθəʊgræf / grɑːf n. printing made using the lithographic process v. print from a lithography stone; create a lithograph …   English contemporary dictionary

  • lithograph — I. transitive verb Date: 1825 to produce, copy, or portray by lithography • lithographer noun II. noun Date: 1828 a print made by lithography • lithographic adjective • lithographically adverb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lithograph — Spiegelbildliche Steinplatte und seitenrichtiger Abdruck einer Karte von München Als Lithografie bzw. Lithographie (v. altgriech.: λίθος lithos, „Stein“ und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lithograph — /lith euh graf , grahf /, n. 1. a print produced by lithography. v.t. 2. to produce or copy by lithography. [1815 25; back formation from LITHOGRAPHY] * * * …   Universalium

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