arrow

\ \ [OE] Appropriately enough, the word arrow comes from the same ultimate Indo- European source that produced the Latin word for ‘bow’ – *arkw-. The Latin descendant of this was arcus (whence English arc and arch), but in Germanic it became *arkhw-. From this basic ‘bow’ word were formed derivatives in various Germanic languages meaning literally ‘that which belongs to the bow’ – that is, ‘arrow’ (Gothic, for instance, had arhwazna). The Old English version of this was earh, but it is recorded only once, and the commonest words for ‘arrow’ in Old English were strǣl (still apparently in use in Sussex in the 19th century, and related to German strahlray’) and fiān (which remained in Scottish English until around 1500). Modern English arrow seems to be a 9th-century reborrowing from Old Norse *arw-.
\ \ Cf.ARC, ARCH

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Arrow — Arrow: Arrow (зоолог) общепринятое сокращение (обозначение) имени зоолога, которое добавляется к научным (латинским) названиям некоторых таксонов зоологической (бинарной) номенклатуры и указывает на то, что автором этих наименований является… …   Википедия

  • ARROW (K. J.) — ARROW KENNETH JOSEPH (1921 ) Économiste et mathématicien américain, Kenneth Joseph Arrow s’est signalé par un certain nombre d’apports théoriques, dont le plus connu est sans nul doute le théorème d’impossibilité (1952). Reprenant un problème… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • arrow — (n.) early 14c., from O.E. arwan, earlier earh arrow, possibly borrowed from O.N. ör (gen. örvar), from P.Gmc. *arkhwo (Cf. Goth. arhwanza), from PIE root *arku bow and/or arrow, source of Latin arcus (see ARC (Cf. arc) (n.)). The ground sense… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Arrow — Ar row, n. [OE. arewe, AS. arewe, earh; akin to Icel. [ o]r, [ o]rvar, Goth. arhwazna, and perh. L. arcus bow. Cf. {Arc}.] A missile weapon of offense, slender, pointed, and usually feathered and barbed, to be shot from a bow. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • arrow — [ar′ō, er′ō] n. [OE earh, arwe; akin to Goth arhwa (for IE base see ARC); orig. sense of arrow was “belonging to the bow”] 1. a slender shaft, usually pointed at one end and feathered at the other, for shooting from a bow 2. anything like an… …   English World dictionary

  • Arrow —   [ ærəʊ], Kenneth Joseph, amerikanischer Volkswirtschaftler, * New York 23. 8. 1921; Professor an der Harvard University (1968 79) und der Stanford University (1949 68, seit 1979). Arrow beschäftigt sich v. a. mit Problemen der Wachstums und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Arrow — Arrow, Kenneth J …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • arrow — [n] pointed weapon or symbol bolt, cursor, dart, indicator, missile, pointer, projectile, shaft; concept 500 …   New thesaurus

  • arrow — ► NOUN 1) a stick with a sharp pointed head, designed to be shot from a bow. 2) a symbol resembling this, used to show direction or position. ► VERB ▪ move swiftly and directly. DERIVATIVES arrowed adjective. ORIGIN Old Norse …   English terms dictionary

  • Arrow — [ar′ō, er′ō] Kenneth Joseph 1921 ; U.S. economist …   English World dictionary

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