\ \ [20] The French word maquis literally means ‘undergrowth, scrub’, and its use for the resistance fighters who opposed German occupation during World War II is an allusion to their hide-outs in scrubby country. It is a borrowing, via Corsica, of Italian macchia. This originally meant ‘spot’ (it came from Latin maculaspot, stain’, source of English immaculate and mailarmour’), but was transferred metaphorically to a ‘bush or thicket seen from the distance as a spot on a hillside’.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • maquis — [ maki ] n. m. • 1829; makis 1775; corse macchia « tache » 1 ♦ Formation végétale (arbrisseaux adaptés à l aridité) issue de la dégradation de la forêt méditerranéenne d yeuses et de chênes lièges. Le maquis corse. « l impénétrable maquis, formé… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Maquis — (französisch: le maquis, italienisch und korsisch: la macchia) bezeichnet ursprünglich den undurchdringlichen Buschwald in den Mittelmeerländern. Da sich im Maquis traditionell Banditen und Gesetzlose versteckt haben, wird der Begriff häufig als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maquis — or macchia is a type of high ground in Corsica covered in thick vegetation, where privateers used to hide. The name has been adopted by a variety of guerilla movements in francophone countries. Maquis may also refer to: Geography Maquis shrubland …   Wikipedia

  • maquis — MAQUÍS s.n. 1. Formaţie vegetală deasă, compusă din tufişuri şi din arbuşti veşnic verzi, caracteristică unor regiuni mediteraneene. 2. Mişcare a partizanilor francezi din timpul celui de al doilea război mondial. [Scris şi: machi. – pr.: machí]… …   Dicționar Român

  • maquis — o maqui (plural maquis) sustantivo masculino 1. Guerrilla republicana española que continuó combatiendo en las mon tañas contra el nuevo régimen tras la victoria de Franco. 2. Movimiento guerrillero francés de oposición a la ocupación alemana… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Maquis — prop. n. 1. A guerrilla fighter in the French underground in World War II. [WordNet 1.5] 2. The French underground that fought against the German occupation in World War II. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • maquis — 1858, from Fr. maquis undergrowth, shrub, especially in reference to the dense scrub of certain Mediterranean coastal regions, long the haunts of outlaws and fugitives, from Corsican It. macchia spot, from L. macula spot, stain; the landscapes so …   Etymology dictionary

  • maquis — (Del fr. maquis, y este del it. macchia, campo cubierto de maleza). 1. m. Guerrilla de resistencia antifranquista durante la posguerra civil española. 2. Movimiento de resistencia francés contra la oposición alemana durante la Segunda Guerra… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • maquis — ► NOUN (pl. same) 1) (the Maquis) the French resistance movement during the German occupation of France in the Second World War. 2) dense evergreen scrub characteristic of coastal regions in the Mediterranean. ORIGIN French, brushwood …   English terms dictionary

  • maquis — [mä kē′; ] Fr [ mȧ kē′] n. [Fr < It macchia, a thicket, orig. a spot < L macula, a spot, stain] 1. a zone of shrubby plants, chiefly evergreens, growing in areas having a Mediterranean climate 2. pl. maquis [mäkēz′; ] Fr [, mȧkē′] [often M… …   English World dictionary

  • maquis — /fr. maˈki/ [vc. fr., propriamente «macchia», dal corso macchia] s. m. inv. (in Francia) partigiano …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

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