\ \ [18] Etymologically, the aubergine is the ‘anti-fart vegetable’. That was the meaning of its ultimate source, Sanskrit vātinganah, so named because it did not produce intestinal gas.
\ \ This was borrowed into Persian as bādingān, and reached Arabic as (with the definite article al) al-bādindjān. It then made its way with the Moors into the Iberian peninsula: here it produced Portuguese beringela (source of brinjal [18], an Indian and African English term for ‘aubergine’) and, with the definite article retained, Catalan alberginia. French turned this into aubergine and passed it on to English. In British English it has gradually replaced the earlier eggplant, named after the vegetable’s shape, which American English has retained.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aubergine — Aubergine …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • aubergine — [ obɛrʒin ] n. f. et adj. inv. • 1750; catalan alberginia; ar. al bâdindjân, d o. persane 1 ♦ Plante potagère (solanacées), originaire de l Inde, cultivée pour ses fruits. ♢ Fruit oblong et violacé de cette plante, consommé comme légume.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aubergine — Frucht einer Aubergine Systematik Euasteriden I Ordnung: Nachtschattenartige (Solanales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aubergine — Sf (Frucht eines Nachtschattengewächses in Südostasien; Eierfrucht; auch als Farbwort für rötlich violett ) per. Wortschatz exot. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. aubergine, dieses aus kat. albergínia, aus arab. al bāḏinǧān, aus pers.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • aubergine — eggplant, 1794, from Fr. aubergine, fruit of the eggplant (Solanum esculentum), dim. of auberge a kind of peach, variant of alberge, from Sp. alberchigo apricot [OED]. Klein derives the French word from Catalan alberginera, from Arabic al… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Aubergine — (spr. ōbärschīn ), chinesische und japan. Tonwaren mit blauroter Glasur; auch (Albergine) der Eierapfel (s. Solanum), nach dessen (bisweilen) blauroter Farbe jene Tonwaren benannt sind …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aubergine — (frz., spr. obärrschihn), chines. und japan. Tongefäß mit blauroter Glasur. – A. oder Albergine heißt auch die eßbare Frucht der Eierpflanze (Solānum esculentum Dun.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • aubergine — AUBERGINE. s. f. Plante d Amérique, qui porte un fruit oblong de la forme du concombre. On l apelle aussi Melongène …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • aubergine — ► NOUN chiefly Brit. ▪ a purple egg shaped fruit eaten as a vegetable. ORIGIN French, from Arabic …   English terms dictionary

  • aubergine — [ō′bər zhēn΄, ō′bərjēn΄] n. [Fr < Catalan alberginia < Ar al bādhinjān < Pers bādindjan] 1. Brit. eggplant 2. dark purple …   English World dictionary

  • Aubergine — Cet article concerne la plante potagère. Pour la couleur à laquelle elle a donné son nom, voir aubergine (couleur) …   Wikipédia en Français

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