bison

\ \ [14] Bison appears to be of Germanic origin, from a stem *wisand- or *wisund-. This became Old English wesand, which did not survive; and it was acquired again in the 19th century as wisent, borrowed from German wisent, applied to the ‘aurochs’, an extinct species of European wild ox. The b- form came into English via Latin bison, a borrowing from the Germanic. Originally of course referring to the European bison, the term was first applied to the North American species at the end of the 17th century.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Synonyms:

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  • bison — bison …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Bison — Bison …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Bison — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bison (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bison — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Bison (desambiguación). ? Bisonte Típico bisonte americano, Bison bison …   Wikipedia Español

  • bison — [ bizɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1307; mot lat., orig. germ. ♦ Bovidé sauvage grand et massif, armé de cornes courtes et possédant une bosse entre les épaules. Bison d Amérique. Bison d Europe. ⇒ urus. Le massacre des bisons. Herbe de bison : avoine odorante… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bison — Bi son (b[imac] s[o^]n; 277), n. [L. bison, Gr. bi swn, a wild ox; akin to OHG. wisunt, wisant, G. wisent, AS. wesend, Icel. v[=i]sundr: cf. F. bison.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) The aurochs or European bison. (b) The American bison buffalo ({Bison… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bison — Sn (ein Büffel) per. Wortschatz fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Die germanische Bezeichnung des Wisents wird als bīson ins Lateinische entlehnt. Von dort aus wird das Wort als zusammenfassende Bezeichnung für den europäischen Wisent und den… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Bison — Bison, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 235 Housing Units (2000): 120 Land area (2000): 0.258080 sq. miles (0.668425 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.258080 sq. miles (0.668425 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • bison — [bī′sən, bī′zən] n. pl. bison [Early ModE bisontes, pl. < L, pl. of bison, wild ox < Gmc * wisunt < IE * wis onto < base * weis : see WEASEL] any of a genus (Bison) of bovid ruminants having a shaggy mane, short, curved horns, and a… …   English World dictionary

  • bison — c.1600, from Fr. bison (15c.), from L. bison wild ox, borrowed from P.Gmc. *wisand aurochs (Cf. O.N. visundr, O.H.G. wisunt bison, O.E./M.E. wesend, which is not attested after c.1400). Possibly ultimately of Baltic or Slavic origin, and meaning… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bison, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 235 Housing Units (2000): 120 Land area (2000): 0.258080 sq. miles (0.668425 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.258080 sq. miles (0.668425 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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