bolshevik

\ \ [20] Russian bol’ shévik is a derivative of ból’ shiy, the comparative form of the adjective ból’ shoybig’. It was originally applied, at the 1903 congress of the Russian Social Democratic Party, to those party members who wished to go for a ‘big’, or extreme, socialist programme (in contrast with the more moderate Mensheviks – from Russian mén’ shijless’); but since the Bolsheviks outnumbered the Mensheviks, the word soon became interpreted as ‘those in the majority in the party’.
\ \ The transferred use of the English abbreviation bolshy to mean ‘stubbornly uncooperative’ dates from around 1918.
\ \ Cf.DEBILITY

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Bolshevik — adj. of or pertaining to Bolsheviks or bolshevism. Bolshevik Revolution Syn: bolshevik. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bolshevik — n. [Russian bol shevik fr. bol she more + vik, a person, i.e. one who is a member of the majority (in the revolutionary Russian parliament).] 1. a member of the extreme left wing of the Social Democratic Party that seized power in Russia in 1917… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bolshevik — 1917, from Rus. bol shiy greater, comp. of adj. bol shoy big, great (Cf. Bolshoi Ballet), from O.C.S. boljiji larger, from PIE root *bel strong (Cf. Skt. balam strength, force, Gk. beltion better, Phrygian balaios …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bolshevik — ► NOUN historical 1) a member of the majority faction of the Russian Social Democratic Party, which seized power in the Revolution of 1917. 2) a person with politically subversive or radical views. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to or characteristic of… …   English terms dictionary

  • Bolshevik — [bōl′shə vik΄, bäl′shə vik΄] [also b ] n. pl. Bolsheviks or Bolsheviki [bōl′shəvē′kē, bäl′shəvē′kē] or bolsheviks [Russ (1903) < bol she, the larger, majority] 1. a member of a majority faction (Bolsheviki) of the Russian Social Democratic… …   English World dictionary

  • Bolshevik — This article is about the Bolshevik faction in the RSDLP 1903 1912. For other uses, see Bolshevik (disambiguation). Bolshevik Party Meeting. Sitting (from left): Abel Yenukidze, Mikhail Kalinin, Nikolai Bukharin, Mikhail Tomsky, Mikhail Lashevich …   Wikipedia

  • Bolshevik — UK [ˈbɒlʃəvɪk] / US [ˈboʊlʃəvɪk] / US [ˈbɑlʃəvɪk] noun [countable] Word forms Bolshevik : singular Bolshevik plural Bolsheviks 1) someone who supported Lenin and his political ideas at the beginning of the 20th century 2) Bolshevik or bolshevik… …   English dictionary

  • Bolshevik — /bohl sheuh vik, bol /; Russ. /beuhl shi vyeek /, n., pl. Bolsheviks, Bolsheviki / vik ee, vee kee/; Russ. / vyi kyee /. 1. (in Russia) a. a member of the more radical majority of the Social Democratic party, 1903 17, advocating immediate and… …   Universalium

  • Bolshevik — [[t]bɒ̱lʃɪvɪk[/t]] Bolsheviks 1) ADJ Bolshevik is used to describe the political system and ideas that Lenin and his supporters introduced in Russia after the Russian Revolution of 1917. Seventy four years after the Bolshevik Revolution, the… …   English dictionary

  • Bolshevik — Bol·she·vik (bōl’shə vĭk′, bŏl’ ) n. pl. Bol·she·viks or Bol·she·vi·ki ( vē’kē) 1) a) A member of the left wing majority group of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party that adopted Lenin s theses on party organization in 1903. b) A member… …   Word Histories

  • Bolshevik — Bol|she|vik [ boulʃəvık, balʃəvık ] noun count 1. ) someone who supported Lenin and his political ideas at the beginning of the 20th century 2. ) bolshevik or Bolshevik OLD FASHIONED someone with left wing opinions that you think are unreasonable …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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