botulism

\ \ [19] The fact that Latin botulus was used metaphorically for ‘intestine’ is in this case just a red herring; its principal meaning was ‘sausage’, and it was the discovery of the foodpoisoning germ in cooked meats, such assausages, which led to the term botulism. Early work on unmasking the bacterium responsible (now known as Clostridium botulinum) was done in Germany, and at first the German form of the word, botulismus, was used in English, but by the late 1880s we find the naturalized botulism fairly well established.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • botulism — BOTULÍSM s.n. Toxiinfecţie alimentară provocată de toxina bacilului botulinic. – Din fr. bothulisme. Trimis de valeriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  botulísm s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  BOTULÍSM n. med.… …   Dicționar Român

  • botulism — 1878, from Ger. Botulismus (1878), coined in German from L. botulus sausage (see BOWEL (Cf. bowel)) + ismus suffix of action or state. Sickness first traced to eating tainted sausage …   Etymology dictionary

  • botulism — ► NOUN ▪ a dangerous form of food poisoning caused by a bacterium growing on improperly sterilized foods. ORIGIN German Botulismus, originally sausage poisoning , from Latin botulus sausage …   English terms dictionary

  • botulism — [bäch′ə liz΄əm] n. [Ger botulismus < L botulus, sausage (see BOWEL) + ismus, ISM: so named from Ger cases involving sausages] poisoning resulting from the toxin produced by botulinus bacteria, sometimes found in foods improperly canned or… …   English World dictionary

  • Botulism — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Botulism DiseasesDB = 2811 ICD10 = ICD10|A|05|1|a|00 ICD9 = ICD9|005.1 eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 238 eMedicine mult = eMedicine2|emerg|64 MedlinePlus = 000598 MeshName = Botulism MeshNumber =… …   Wikipedia

  • botulism — /boch euh liz euhm/, n. Pathol. a sometimes fatal disease of the nervous system acquired from spoiled foods in which botulin is present, esp. improperly canned or marinated foods. [1875 80; < G Botulismus, equiv. to L botul(us) sausage (a source… …   Universalium

  • Botulism — An uncommon but potentially very serious illness, a type of food poisoning, that produces paralysis of muscles, via a nerve toxin called botulinum toxin ( botox ) that is manufactured by bacteria named Clostridium botulinum. There are various… …   Medical dictionary

  • botulism — [19] The fact that Latin botulus was used metaphorically for ‘intestine’ is in this case just a red herring; its principal meaning was ‘sausage’, and it was the discovery of the foodpoisoning germ in cooked meats, such assausages, which led to… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • botulism —   n. sausage poisoning; poisoning by any infected preserved meat.    ♦ botuliform, a. sausage shaped.    ♦ botulinic, n. toxin that causes botulism.    ♦ botulinus n. bacterium that produces botulism.    ♦ botulinic a …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • botulism — [[t]bɒ̱tʃʊlɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT Botulism is a serious form of food poisoning. [MEDICAL] …   English dictionary

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