# calculate

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__16__]*Calculate*comes from the past participial stem of the Latin verb*calculāre*, a derivative of the noun*calculus*, which meant ‘pebble’. This was almost certainly a diminutive form of Latin*calx*, from which English gets*calcium*and*chalk*. The notion of ‘counting’ was present in the word from ancient times, for a specialized sense of Latin*calculus*was ‘stone used in counting, counter’ (its modern mathematical application to differential and integral calculus dates from the 18th century).\ \ Another sense of Latin*calculus*was ‘stone in the bladder or kidney’, which was its meaning when originally borrowed into English in the 17th century.\ \__Cf.__**⇒**__CALCARIOUS__,__CALCIUM__,__CALCULUS__,__CAUSEWAY__,__CHALK__

*Word origins - 2ed.
J. Ayto.
2005.*

**Synonyms**:

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**Calculate**— Cal cu*late, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Calculater}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Calculating}.] [L, calculatus, p. p. of calculate, fr. calculus a pebble, a stone used in reckoning; hence, a reckoning, fr. calx, calcis, a stone used in gaming, limestone. See… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English**calculate on**— ˈcalculate on [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they calculate on he/she/it calculate on present participle calculate on past tense calculate on … Useful english dictionary**calculate**— calculate, compute, estimate, reckon mean to determine something (as cost, speed, or quantity) by mathematical and especially arithmetical processes. Calculate is usually preferred when highly advanced, intricate, or elaborate processes are… … New Dictionary of Synonyms**calculate**— UK US /ˈkælkjəleɪt/ verb [T] ► to find an amount or number using mathematics: calculate according to/based on/on the basis of »Their pension will be calculated on the basis of their earnings and length of service. calculate that »It has been… … Financial and business terms**calculate**— 1. The meaning ‘to suppose or reckon’, without any reference to working something out, is regional American in origin (19c, eg. I calculate it s pretty difficult to git edication down at Charleston) and is not standard in any variety of English.… … Modern English usage**calculate**— [kal′kyo͞o lāt΄, kal′kyəlāt΄] vt. calculated, calculating [< L calculatus, pp. of calculare, to reckon < calculus, pebble, stone used in doing arithmetic, dim. of calx, limestone: see CALCIUM] 1. to determine by using mathematics; compute 2 … English World dictionary**Calculate**— Cal cu*late, v. i. To make a calculation; to forecast consequences; to estimate; to compute. [1913 Webster] The strong passions, whether good or bad, never calculate. F. W. Robertson. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English**calculate**— [v1] compute or estimate amount account, add, adjust, appraise, assay, cast, cipher, consider, count, determine, divide, dope out*, enumerate, figure, forecast, foretell, gauge, guess, judge, keep tabs*, measure, multiply, number, rate, reckon,… … New thesaurus**calculate**— ► VERB 1) determine mathematically. 2) (calculate on) include as an essential element in one s plans. 3) intend (an action) to have a particular effect. DERIVATIVES calculable adjective. ORIGIN Latin calculare count , from calculus small p … English terms dictionary**calculate**— I verb account, appraise, ascertain mathematically, assess, average out, cast accounts, cipher, computare, compute, consider, count, design, determine, devise, enumerate, estimate, evaluate, figure, figure out, form an estimate, furnish an… … Law dictionary**calculate on**— index anticipate (expect) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary