campaign

\ \ [17] Ultimately, campaign and champagne are the same word. Both go back to late Latin campānia, a derivative of Latin campusopen field’ (source of English camp).
\ \ This passed into Old French as champagne and into Italian as campagnaopen country’, and both words have subsequently come to be used as the designation of regions in France and Italy (whence English champagne [17], wine made in the Champagne area of eastern France). The French word was also borrowed into English much earlier, as the now archaic champaignopen country’ [14]. Meanwhile, in Italian a particular military application of campagna had arisen: armies disliked fighting in winter because of the bad weather, so they stayed in camp, not emerging to do battle in the open countryside (the campagna) until summer.
\ \ Hence campagna came to mean ‘military operations’; it was borrowed in to French as campagne, and thence into English.
\ \ Cf.CAMP, CHAMPAGNE

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Campaign — Pays  Royaume Uni Langue Anglais Genre Histoire militair …   Wikipédia en Français

  • campaign — cam‧paign [kæmˈpeɪn] noun [countable] a planned series of actions that are intended to achieve something or persuade people to do something: • The charity has launched a campaign to end the trade in rhinoceros products. campaign for/​against •… …   Financial and business terms

  • campaign — I noun action, activism, activity, cause, course of action, course of conduct, course of proceeding, crusade, design, drive, effort, emprise, endeavor, enterprise, exercise, exertion, expedition, hard task, implementation, large undertaking, line …   Law dictionary

  • Campaign — Cam*paign , v. i. To serve in a campaign. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Campaign — Cam*paign , n. [F. campagne, It. campagna, fr. L. Campania the level country about Naples, fr. campus field. See {Camp}, and cf. {Champaign}, {Champagne}.] 1. An open field; a large, open plain without considerable hills. See{Champaign}. Grath.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • campaign — [n] attempt to win; attack crusade, drive, expedition, fight, movement, offensive, operation, push, warfare; concepts 87,320 campaign [v] attempt to win political election agitate, barnstorm, canvass, contend for, contest, crusade, electioneer,… …   New thesaurus

  • campaign — [kam pān′] n. [Fr campagne, open country suited to military maneuvers; hence, military expedition < It campagna < LL campania, level country < L campus, a field: see CAMPUS] 1. a series of military operations with a particular objective… …   English World dictionary

  • campaign — ► NOUN 1) a series of military operations intended to achieve an objective in a particular area. 2) an organized course of action to achieve a goal. ► VERB ▪ work in an organized way towards a goal. DERIVATIVES campaigner noun. ORIGIN French… …   English terms dictionary

  • campaign — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} noun ADJECTIVE ▪ big, huge, major, massive ▪ lengthy, long, long running, ongoing, sustained (esp. BrE) …   Collocations dictionary

  • campaign — I n. 1) to carry on, conduct, wage; launch, mount, organize a campaign 2) an active, vigorous; feeble, weak; whirlwind campaign 3) an advertising; anti smoking; educational; election, political; membership; military; national, nationwide; public… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • campaign — I UK [kæmˈpeɪn] / US noun [countable] Word forms campaign : singular campaign plural campaigns *** 1) a series of actions intended to produce political or social change a literacy/recruitment/anti drug campaign campaign for/against: Local people… …   English dictionary

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